afghan2

OPERATION HERRICK 16
HELMAND PROVINCE, AFGHANISTAN
A BIRDER’S PERSEPCTIVE

(Captain Richard Seargent 1)

Commissioning from the ranks was perhaps the pinnacle of my career and enabled me to take some control of where and when I would be posted; rather bizarrely I chose units who were on high readiness and deployable and thus some six years later I have found myself on three operational tours to Afghanistan, the first with United Kingdom Joint Force Medical Group and the latter two with 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards (I have since learnt from this mistake and my next posting will be solely in Knightsbridge). All three deployments have primarily been based in Camp Bastion2 ; the International Stabilization and Assistance Force (ISAF) Hub in Helmand Province; initially this has been seen as a cushy posting but during Op HERRICK3 16 we received indirect fire from mortars, a suicide bomber and, as I type, Bastion is recovering from the Taliban attack where eighteen insurgents were killed, one insurgent captured and a significant amount of damage on the runways resulting in two United States Marine Corps (USMC) deaths and the destruction of Harrier Jets and other aircraft.

I have had the privilege of not only deploying for periods above and beyond what is normally expected of an individual but also to birdwatch for a total of 19 months in a country on the crossroads of the Western, Eastern Palaearctics and the Oriental Region. The run up to all the tours included pre-deployment training in Cyprus, Kenya or Canada and I had the opportunity to add significantly to my life list. I have not been disappointed.

I have now completed two summer tours and one deployment over the winter. The Relief in Place (RiP) periods between Brigades always occur during the migration periods and thus I have had the opportunity to be in the middle of migration in an area where migrants abound. Camp Bastion has changed considerably since my first tour in 2007 – it is now the size of Reading and areas that were productive on Op HERRICKs 6 and 11 have now been built on and on this tour the expansion of the runway to the south has increased not only the military’s footprint on the ground but also the area I have been able to birdwatch. On my first and second tours I was able to run around the perimeter, during this tour had I done so I would have had to complete a marathon.

I arrived in Camp Bastion on 28th January 2012 along with 40 individuals of the Battlegroup Headquarters to take over from a Danish Battlegroup. This deployment was some two months before the remainder of the Battalion and we had to set up a Headquarters and Rear Joint Operations Centre in both Main Operating Base (MOB) Price and Joint Operating Base (JOB) Bastion. The area of operations we were to take over from the Danes was Combined Force Nar-e-Saraj (North)4 (CF NES(N)) and area in the north of Helmand in the Upper Gerheshk Valley

Initially bird life was limited. If anyone has been to that part of the world you’ll be aware that winter is not the best time to see birds. Within the first weeks I had found the Omni-present Laughing Doves, Crested Larks, Tree Sparrow and the odd Common Myna. Occasionally, towards the end of the day flocks of Crowned Sandgrouse were seen to the south of Bastion. At the time I didn’t know where they were landing but by the end of the tour this species became an almost daily species on my list. It was evident straight away that places where I had visited on HERRICKs 6 and 11 had been built on and it was obvious that I had to drive around the newer areas of Bastion and even into Camp Leatherneck, the adjacent USMC Camp. As such I borrowed one of the unit Tata pick-up trucks and found two areas, one at the end of the runway which I named Runway’s End Marsh and a grey water Lagoon in Leatherneck which became colloquially known as the Poo Pond – I’ll leave your imagination as to why it was. In addition birds were often seen perched on razor wire around both camps and a-top rubble. Overflying birds often proved interesting with some passerines unidentified. That said, a flock of Rose-coloured Starling over Bastion One was unmistakable.

Both areas had some Phragmites and subsequently both passerines and waders were attracted. During the spring migration I found Caspian Reed, Blyth’s Reed, Clamorous Reed, Booted Warblers, the odd Sykes’s and Eastern Olivaceous Warblers in abundance along with smaller numbers of Siberian Chiffchaff and Hume’s Whitethroat. Red-throated Serin, and Rustic Bunting were added to my life list and the rocky areas held Pied Stonechat, Southern Grey, Daurian, Turkestan and Long-tailed Shrike and flocks of Trumpeter Finches were observed during the move north. Hoopoe, Roller, Variable and to a lesser extent, Hume’s Wheatear, used the Runway’s End Marsh as a stop-over and I added Blue-capped Redstart, Siberian Stonechat and Afghanistan’s first Oriental Magpie-Robin5 in this area. Greater Hoopoe-Lark held territories along the perimeter fences and were often seen singing and displaying, whilst I picked up single Asian Desert Warblers twice whilst out running. The Sandgrouse congregated around the grey water stream leading into the marsh and was a sight to behold. Raptors were a welcome relief to periods of boredom and during migration I picked up the odd Steppe Buzzard, many Pallid Harriers, a single male Montegu’s Harrier, Lesser Kestrel, Saker and initially a few Shikra. Waders were evident throughout with large numbers of Black-winged Stilt, White-tailed Plover, Lesser Sand Plover, occasional Ringed and Little Ringed Plovers, Little and Temminck’s Stints, Dunlin, Ruff, Common Snipe, Common, Green and Wood Sandpipers and Red-necked Phalarope. In addition I added Oriental Pratincole to my list with an overflying bird at the beginning of the tour. Other birds included White-winged Tern and Heuglin’s Gull, the former occurring mainly during reverse migration in Camp Leatherneck. Crowned, the odd Black-bellied and Pin-tailed Sandgrouse were often found at the end of the runway mostly at the end of the day but singletons were present throughout, particularly from July onwards. The species list, although not extensive, is not bad for a desert site and some species perhaps come as a surprise to readers not familiar with Central Asian avi-fauna.

Camp Leatherneck holds an outstanding PX (the US NAAFI) , a reasonable barber, a coffee shop but also the Poo Pond. The Pond obviously attracted large numbers of waders and it was here that I first saw Lesser Sand Plover and it was a delight to visit this area, some five minutes from my workplace, on a daily basis to see what had dropped in over the night. I had run-ins with the USMC Military Police on occasion who could not understand why I was looking at an effluent filled pond and deemed me a security risk. Sometimes they could not think out of the box; I was clearly British, in British Uniform and carrying a Service Pistol and ID Card. Still, it was all rather worth the hassle as I had on occasions seven or eight species of Wader in front of me and on was able to observe Red-necked Phalarope doing what they do best – spinning around in the margins in order to disturbed invertebrates.

Forays out of Bastion were this time limited but most months I travelled to the various Patrol Bases (PBs)6 or to MOB Price to conduct admin clinics and always took my bins with me. All movement was by Support Helicopter (SH) and so I was unable to pick up the desert birds I had hoped to see and had, indeed seen on previous tours whilst manning a GPMG as top-cover to a vehicle move. MOB Price had a large number of wintering Black Kites and in the PBs I added Steppe Eagle and Chestnut Shouldered Bush Sparrow to my list. Rupert King-Evans, a Company Commander in the Battalion and AOS member, was continuously on the ground and his sightings mirrored mine although he did add Black Stork to birds seen in the area. Other individuals reported birds over PBs which must have been Demoiselle Cranes, a species which migrates up and down the Upper Gerheshk Valley. The Trips out of Bastion were always interesting with long period stuck in PBs due to the lack of SH and all movement necessitated wearing the following kit:

Rifle (with 150 5.56mm rounds of ammo)
Sig Pistol (with 30 9mm rounds of ammo)
Mark 7 Combat Helmet (fully scrimmed)
Osprey Body Armour (20kgs complete)
Day sack (with overnight kit and 48 hour rations)
Hammock
Belt Kit (Webbing)
Old Bausch and Lomb 10x42 Binoculars
Birds of the Middle East (Helm)*
Birds of Pakistan (Helm)*7
Notebook

*Both books soon to be superseded by Birds of Central Asia (Helm)

I published this kit list on both the AOS Webpage and Birdforum under ‘Essential Kit for a Helmand Twitch’ which produced numerous comments ranging from the funny to
those of a more profound nature.

This tour was outstanding bird wise. I really didn’t expect to pick up new birds this time around and certainly was pleased to find Afghanistan’s first Oriental Magpie-Robin. Sightings were sent to OSME and were included on their e-forum and in their Journal8 . Birding is a useful diversion from work and I was certainly never bored. I was able to birdwatch outside my accommodation, whilst on a run and when commuting around Bastion. I did not just observe birds, there was numerous other species around and I was able to enjoy Globed Skimmer, Lesser Emperor, Asian Monarch, Bedstraw Hawkmoth, Leopard Gecko, Jackal, Jerboa, numerous Bat sp and I had reports of what appeared to be 2 Lynx in one of the PBs. Military Birders have added significantly to the knowledge of the avi-fauna of Afghanistan and I have had much discussion with OSME with regards to the Afghan list, not only adding Oriental Magpie-Robin but also Speckled Pigeon (from HERRICK 6) which appears to be a feral species at Kandahar Airfield. From what I can gather information has been received from a number of British Soldiers, two USMC Officers and a Finnish Diplomat in Kabul. I blogged sightings on the AOS website, tweeted sightings on Twitter and included what I saw on an Afghanistan thread on Birdforum. Photos were published on the AOS Website, on the Birdforum Gallery and on my Facebook Page.

I am now firmly back in the UK and looking forward to my next posting; a posting which will not include another operational tour. I am attempting to see all the birds I missed over a 7 month tour and in the last month have managed to see both Long and Short-billed Dowitchers, Pectoral Sandpiper and the Rainham Baillon’s Crake.

SYSTEMATIC LIST OF SPECIES SEEN IN AFGHANISTAN9
OPs HERRICK, 6, 11 AND 16

SPECIES
HERRICK 6 2007
HERRICK 11 2009/10
HERRICK 16 2012
Little Grebe
X
Grey Heron
X
Great White Egret
X
Black-Crowned Night Heron
X
Little Bittern
X
Black Kite
X
X
Egyptian Vulture
X
Marsh Harrier
X
Pallid Harrier
X
X
Montagu’s Harrier
X
Shikra
X
X
X
Steppe Buzzard
X
X
Long-legged Buzzard
X
Steppe Eagle
X
X
Booted Eagle
X
Lesser Kestrel
X
Common Kestrel
X
X
X
Merlin
X
X
Hobby
X
Amur Falcon
X
Laggar Falcon
X
Saker Falcon
X
X
Peregrine Falcon
X
Common Quail X
Demoiselle Crane
X
X
Common Coot
X
Black-winged Stilt
X
X
Collared Pratincole
X
Red-wattled Lapwing
X
White-tailed Lapwing
X
X
X
Ringed Plover
X
X
Little-ringed Plover
X
X
X
Kentish Plover
X
X
Lesser Sand Plover
X
Common Snipe
X
Green Sandpiper
X
X
X
Wood Sandpiper
X
Common Sandpiper
X
X
Little Stint
X
X
X
Temminck’s Stint
X
X
X
Dunlin
X
Broad-billed Sandpiper
X
Ruff
X
X
Red-necked Phalarope
X
X
Heuglin’s Gull
X
White-winged Tern
X
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse
X
Black-bellied Sandgrouse
X
Crowned Sandgrouse
X
X
Collared Dove
X
X
Laughing Dove
X
X
X
Speckled Pigeon
X
Rose-ringed Parakeet
X
Little Owl
X
Sykes’s Nightjar
X
X
Little Swift
X
White-throated Kingfisher
X
Common Kingfisher
X
Blue-cheeked Bee-eater
X
X
European Bee-Eater
X
X
European Roller
X
X
Hoopoe
X
X
X
Great Hoopoe-Lark
X
X
Desert Lark
X
Greater Short-toed Lark
X
Hume’s Lark
X
Crested Lark
X
X
X
Oriental Skylark
X
X
X
Plain Martin
X
Sand Martin
X
Barn Swallow
X
X
X
Eurasian Crag Martin
X
Red-rumped Swallow
X
Richard’s Pipit
X
Tawny Pipit
X
Rosy Pipit
X
Water Pipit
X
White Wagtail
X
X
Masked Wagtail
X
X
Yellow Wagtail
X
Yellow-headed Wagtail
X
Eastern Yellow Wagtail
X
Citrine Wagtail
X
X
X
White-eared Bulbul
X
Red-spotted Bluethroat
X
X
X
Rufous Scrub-Robin
X
X
Oriental Magpie-Robin
X
Blue-capped Redstart
X
X
Black Redstart
X
Siberian Stonechat
X
X
Pied Bushchat
X
X
X
Hume’s Wheatear
X
Northern Wheatear
X
Variable Wheatear
X
X
X
Desert Wheatear
X
X
Spotted Flycatcher
X
X
Red-Breasted Flycatcher
X
X
Taiga Flycatcher
X
Graceful Prinia
X
Streaked Scrub Warbler
X
Paddyfield Warbler
X
Caspian Reed Warbler
X
Blyth’s Reed Warbler
X
X
Great Reed Warbler
X
Clamorous Reed Warbler
X
X
Booted Warbler
X
X
X
Sykes’s Warbler
X
X
X
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler
X
X
Upcher’s Warbler
X
Common Chiffchaff
X
Siberian Chiffchaff
X
X
Mountain Chiffchaff
X
X
Hume’s Leaf Warbler
X
X
X
Arctic Warbler
X
Greenish Warbler
X
X
Lesser Whitethroat
X
Small Whitethroat
X
Hume’s Whitethroat
X
Eastern Orphean Warbler
X
Asian Desert Warbler
X
X
Menetries’s Warbler
X
Afghan Babbler
X
Isabelline Shrike
X
Turkestan Shrike
X
X
X
Daurian Shrike
X
X
X
Bay-backed Shrike
X
X
Long-tailed Shrike
X
Southern Grey Shrike
X
X
Common Magpie
X
House Crow
X
Common Starling
X
X
Rose-coloured Starling
X
X
X
Common Myna
X
X
X
House Sparrow (bactrianus)
X
X
X
Spanish Sparrow
X
Tree Sparrow
X
X
X
Pale Rock Sparrow
X
Chestnut-shouldered Bush Sparrrow
X
Common Rock Sparrow
X
Red-fronted Serin
X
Trumpeter Finch
X
X
X
Red Crossbill
X
Rustic Bunting
X

______________________________

1Secretary, Army Ornithological Society (AOS).
2Camp Bastion is split into 4 elements; Bastions 0, 1, 2, 3 and is now a multi-national base(British, US, European, Tongan, Antipodean and Arab Forces) under UK control.
3Operation HERRICK - the title for on-going UK operations in Afghanistan.
4The Helmand Area of Operations is split into a number of Combined Forces (CF). For CF read Battlegroup.
5To be formally accepted but details already published in Sandgrouse.
6PBs contained a Company Group with additional support elements and often with integral Afghan Security Forces.
7Those species not generally seen in the Palaearctics; Blue-capped Robin, Oriental Magpie-Robin.
8The Journal of the Ornithological Society of the Middle East, the Caucasus and Central Asia
9Names follow HBW and appears as shown on Wildlife Recorder.