egtrip6

Egypt Trip Report

Cairo, Nile Delta and Sinai

1 to 13 December 1999

Copyright 2000
Andrew Grieve
This trip report cannot be reproduced on another web site or linked to from another web site, without the permission of the author.

Introduction

This trip report is a short account of a two week visit to Egypt in which visits were made to a couple of birding sites south of Cairo, several sites in the Nile Delta north of Cairo and a range of places from north to south Sinai. Several groups of people participated in this trips. Delegates from the meeting that launched the 'Directory of Important Bird Areas in Egypt' were taken to Lake Qarun and Wadi el Rayan in the Fayoum. Two Polish representatives from the South East European Network (for ringers) were taken around Sinai and a group of 'ex-pats' from the Ma'ardi area were taken to the Nile Delta north of Cairo. It was a remarkably good trip for species variety, particularly as the major wetland sites along the Nile and Gulf of Suez were not visited which would have considerably boosted the number of species seen. It would seem that winter is still a good time to visit Egypt.

Itinerary

1 December 1999
Flight arrives in Cairo at midnight.

2 December 1999
Attending launch of Directory of Important Birds Areas of Egypt book (available from OSME sales), casual observations at Zamalek, Cairo.

3 December
Visit to two IBAs in the Fayoum with delegates from the IBA's launch meeting - Lake Qarun and Wadi el Rayan.

4 December
Travel to Zaranik, north Sinai via 10th Ramadan sewage ponds, Salhiya reclamation and Ismailiya smelly pond.

5 December
Zaranik and Rafa, north Sinai.

6 December
Zaranik, El Salam Farm, El Arish, Tall Sallam, St. Catherine National Park after dark.

7 December
St Katherine Monastery and town, Wadi Saal on road from St. Katherine to Sharm el Sheikh.

8 December
Sharm el Sheikh, Nabk and Taba reached after dark.

9 December
Cairo

10 December
Lake Ikyut, Abbasa and El Zawamil (near Bilbeis), Nile Delta

11 December
Cairo

12 December
Abbasa, Nile Delta

13 December
Lecture to Cairo American College, Ma'ardi, Cairo and return flight to UK.

Sites visited

Lake Qarun
A large saline lake 70 kms south-west of Cairo with deeper areas shelving to shallow bays and extensive mudflats. Reedbeds can be found at its north-east corner and an extensive area of fish ponds along the south-western shore can be viewed from the main road along its southern shore.

Wadi el Rayan
47 kms further south-west from Lake Qarun lie the two lakes of Wadi el Rayan, formed in the 1970s by excessive run off of water from farmland in the Fayoum. The western end with extensive edge vegetation can be viewed from a road that circles the two lakes.

10th Ramadan sewage ponds
A series of sewage settling ponds, north of the main Ismailiya road and east of 10th of Ramadan city, 60 kms north-east of Cairo. Only the small sewage seep near the main road was visited on this occasion.

Salhiya Reclamation
A huge area of newly created farmland fields in former desert between the Ismailiya road and the Ismailiya Canal but only a small area near the Toll Station on the Ismailiya road visited on this occasion.

Ismailiya Pond
A small, smelly pond 6 kms west of Ismailiya on the main Ismailiya by-pass.

Zaranik
Zaranik lagoon and bird observatory are 35 kms west of El Arish and lie at the eastern end of lake Bardawil, a highly saline lake in north Sinai. Access to the shore is by permit from the Manager of Zaranik Protected Area where coastal lagoons and desert vegetation provide habitat for a range of birds.

Rafa
A small town on the border with Palestine on the north Sinai coast with small farmed fields, freshwater wells and small orchards.

El Arish orchards and El Salam Farm
An extensive area of farmed land and orchards stretching several kilometres inland from El Arish adjacent to the airport road.

Tall Sallam
A new reclamation area east of the Ismailiya, north-east of the Little Bitter Lake where water has collected in depressions and has formed a series of lagoons which are now being colonised by edge vegetation.

St. Katherine Monastery and National Park
The monastery at St. Katherine provides a focal point for seeing typical Sinai species in the monastery gardens, the wadis around the monastery and wadis around the town itself.

Sharm el Sheikh
As well as the well known sewage farm between Na'arma Bay and the town of Sharm el Sheikh, there is now a new sewage farm with larger settling ponds a few kilometres inland of Na'arma Bay. They are reached by using the new by-pass road behind Sharm el Sheikh.

Nabq
The mangroves and desert at Nabq National Park, 25 kms north-east of Sharm el Sheikh, continue to provide good birding and are easily worked from tracks that run close to the shore.

Lake Ikyut, Nile Delta
Lake Ikyut lies a few kilometres west of the town of El Salhiya in the Nile Delta, about 110 kms north-east of Cairo. A series of lakes, crossed by tracks on the edge of desert, maintained as a hunting preserve.

Abbasa, Nile Delta
Small fields, orchards and a series of small wetlands with reedbeds and fish farms provide a range of habitats along the Bilbeis to Abbasa road running alongside the Ismailiya canal, 85 kms north-east of Cairo.

Systematic List

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
2 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
2 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
25 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
15 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
122 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
2 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
8 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
81 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
6 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.

Little Egret Egretta garzetta
25 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
12 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
250 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
35 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
355 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Western Reef Heron Egretta gularis
7 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
15 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
1 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
2 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
5 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
25 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
4 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
104 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Great White Egret Egretta alba
2 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
2 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
5 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
1 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
4 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
3 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
20 at Zamalek on 2 December 1999.
300 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
25 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
5 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
50 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides
1 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
2 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
1 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
80 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
35 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
112 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Striated Heron Butorides striatus
2 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.

Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus
1 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
4 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

White Stork Ciconia ciconia
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
107 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
5 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
3 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
1 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
4500 at Bughaz el Taloul, Lake Bardawil on 5 December 1999.
550 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
2 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.

Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiacus
1 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999, first record for south Sinai

Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
1 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.

Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
4 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
8 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.

Wigeon Anas penelope
15 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
15 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.

Teal Anas crecca
15 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
12 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
3 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
2 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
15 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
55 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
2 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
1 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
6 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
6 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Pintail Anas acuta
25 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
3 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
2 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
4 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
32 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.

Shoveler Anas clypeata
1100 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
8 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
250 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.

Pochard Aythya ferina
1000 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.

Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
35 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
1 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus
4 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
6 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
4 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
2 at Lake Ikyut canal on 10 December 1999.
3 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Black Kite Milvus migrans
2 at Zaranik on 6 December 1999.
11 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
25 at Coral Bay, Sharm el Sheikh on 8 December 1999.

Egyptian Yellow-billed Kite Milvus lineatus aegypteus
2 at Zamalek on 2 December 1999.
160 at Gebel Asfar on 12 December 1999.
1 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.
2 at Ma'ardi, Cairo on 13/12/1999.

Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus
3 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
5 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
4 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
3 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
1 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
1 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
2 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
2 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
2 at Rafa on 5 December 1999.
1 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
1 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
1 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Steppe Buzzard Buteo buteo vulpinus
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus
1 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga
1 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
1 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
8 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Bonelli's Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus
1 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
8 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
2 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
2 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
1 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Barbary Falcon Falco pelegrinoides
1 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.

Chukar Alectoris chukar
55 at St. Katherine Monastery on 7 December 1999.

Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
2 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
1 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Purple Gallinule Porphyrio porphyrio madagascariensis
8 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.

Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
1 at Ayun Musa on 6 December 1999.
2 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
2 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
15 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Coot Fulica atra
25 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
6 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
15 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
4 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
3 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
1 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.
105 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
1500 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.

Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
1 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
248 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
15 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.

Senegal Thick-knee Burhinus senegalensis
2 at Zamalek on 2 December 1999.
1 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
8 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
5 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
21 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
8 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.

Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
4 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
15 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
10 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
1 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
5 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
2 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
4 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Kittlitz's Sandplover Charadrius pecuarius
4 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
12 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
55 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
25 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
18 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.
15 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
15 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
1 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii
14 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
14 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.

Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
3 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
8 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
3 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
1 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
1 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
3 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Spur-winged Plover Vanellus spinosus
25 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
20 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
6 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
4 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
8 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
18 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
18 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
25 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

White-tailed Plover Vanellus leucurus
13 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Snipe Gallinago gallinago
1 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
1 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
35 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
6 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Curlew Numenius arquata
15 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
2 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
25 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
1 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
7 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Redshank Tringa totanus
85 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
95 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
12 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
16 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.
8 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
35 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
2 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
4 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
1 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
8 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
2 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Greenshank Tringa nebularia
15 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
14 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
2 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
1 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.

Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
1 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
1 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
2 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
55 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
2 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
25 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
3 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
15 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Common Sandpiper Tringa hypoleucos
2 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
5 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
1 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Sanderling Calidris alba
8 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Little Stint Calidris minuta
550 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
110 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
120 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
35 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
15 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
800 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
100 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
45 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
114 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii
1 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
8 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Dunlin Calidris alpina
15 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
14 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.
1 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
3 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
1 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Ruff Philomachus pugnax
35 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
50 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
4 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus
2 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus
1 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii
7 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.

Siberian Gull Larus heuglini
2 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Yellow-legged Gull Larus cachinnans
110 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Armenian Gull Larus armenicus
6 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
85 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Great Black-headed Gull Larus ichthyaetus
2 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
150 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
4 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
6 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
200 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
360 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Slender-billed Gull Larus genei
600 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
355 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus
3 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
2 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.

Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis
125 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus
8 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
8 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
8 at Abassa Fish Farm on 10 December 1999.
3 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
12 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
1 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
25 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
1 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.

Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus
75 at Coral Bay, Sharm el Sheikh on 8 December 1999.

Rock Dove Columba livia
110 at St. Katherine Monastery on 7 December 1999.

Palm Dove Streptopelia senegalensis
10 at Zamalek on 2 December 1999.
100 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
50 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
10 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
50 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
25 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
50 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
25 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
30 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
25 at Lake Ikyut canal on 10 December 1999.
35 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
20 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.
2 at Ma'ardi, Cairo on 13/12/1999.

Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
25 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
4 at Zaranik on 6 December 1999.
20 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
10 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri
2 at Zamalek on 2 December 1999.
2 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Senegal Coucal Centropus senegalensis
4 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Barn Owl Tyto alba
1 at Ma'ardi, Cairo on 13/12/1999.

Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
1 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
3 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.
4 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
1 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Smyrna Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
1 at Rafa on 5 December 1999.
1 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
2 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
2 at Lake Ikyut canal on 10 December 1999.
2 at El Zawamil on 10 December 1999.
1 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
20 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
12 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
1 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
6 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
4 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
4 at Lake Ikyut canal on 10 December 1999.
15 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
12 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Little Green Bee-eater [Egyptian] Merops orientalis cleopatra
2 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
8 at Lake Ikyut canal on 10 December 1999.

Hoopoe Upupa epops
2 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
6 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
1 at Zaranik on 6 December 1999.
8 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
4 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Bar-tailed Desert Lark Ammomanes cincturus
4 at Wadi Saal on 7 December 1999.
2 at Coral Bay, Sharm el Sheikh on 8 December 1999.
2 at Wadi Kid on 8 December 1999.

Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti
2 at St. Katherine Monastery on 7 December 1999.
4 at Wadi Arbaein on 7 December 1999.
4 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.

Hoopoe Lark Alaemon alaudipes
4 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla
4 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Crested Lark Galerida cristata
25 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
2 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
15 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
8 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
4 at Kurum el Sheikh Yamit) on 5 December 1999.
4 at Zaranik on 6 December 1999.
50 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
110 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
12 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
10 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Wood Lark Lullula arborea
3 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.

Skylark Alauda arvensis
85 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
1 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
8 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.

Sand Martin Riparia riparia
1 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.

Pale Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne obsoleta
15 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Swallow Hirundo rustica
4 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
1 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.

Egyptian Swallow Hirundo rustica savignii
50 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
55 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
20 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
2500 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
150 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
8 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
1 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
1 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.

Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
25 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
10 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
22 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
1 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
4 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
2 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.

Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
10 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
2 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
5 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
15 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
25 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
8 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
3 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
4 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
65 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
6 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

White Wagtail Motacilla alba
25 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
20 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
250 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
220 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
12 at Rafa on 5 December 1999.
10 at Kurum el Sheikh Yamit) on 5 December 1999.
8 at Zaranik on 6 December 1999.
15 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
85 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
4 at St. Katherine Monastery on 7 December 1999.
150 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
25 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
30 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
55 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
12 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
25 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
1 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Egyptian Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava pygmaea
1 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
5 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.

Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
2 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus
2 at Zamalek on 2 December 1999.
25 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
2 at Ma'ardi, Cairo on 13/12/1999.

Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthopygos
2 at Kurum el Sheikh Yamit) on 5 December 1999.
16 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.

Robin Erithacus rubecula
6 at Rafa on 5 December 1999.
4 at Kurum el Sheikh Yamit) on 5 December 1999.
1 at Zaranik on 6 December 1999.
32 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.

Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
1 at Ayun Musa on 6 December 1999.
28 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
12 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
5 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
8 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
2 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
1 at Zaranik on 6 December 1999.
1 at Wadi Arbaein on 7 December 1999.

Blackstart Cercomela melanura
1 at Bir Swir on 8 December 1999.

Stonechat Saxicola torquata
1 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
6 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
12 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
4 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
5 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

White-crowned Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga
8 at St. Katherine Monastery on 7 December 1999.
4 at Wadi Arbaein on 7 December 1999.
2 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha
3 at Wadi Saal on 7 December 1999.
8 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.
2 at Wadi Kid on 8 December 1999.
4 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
2 at Bir Swir on 8 December 1999.

Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens
2 at Wadi Kid on 8 December 1999.

Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii
3 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
1 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.

Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti
3 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
2 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.
1 at Narma Bay Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina
1 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
10 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
1 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
1 at Nabq on 8 December 1999.

Blackbird Turdus merula
12 at Rafa on 5 December 1999.
1 at Kurum el Sheikh Yamit) on 5 December 1999.
1 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
15 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Fan-tailed Warbler Cisticola juncidis
6 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
6 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
6 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Graceful Warbler Prinia gracilis
4 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
10 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
4 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
22 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
10 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
15 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Scrub Warbler Scotocerca inquieta
6 at St. Katherine Monastery on 7 December 1999.

Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon
1 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.

Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus
1 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
5 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
1 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala
1 at Rafa on 5 December 1999.
11 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
4 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
2 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.

Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
10 at Wadi El Rayan on 3 December 1999.
10 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
6 at Rafa on 5 December 1999.
38 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
3 at St. Katherine Monastery on 7 December 1999.
40 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
2 at Wadi Arbaein on 7 December 1999.
10 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
15 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
6 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Great Tit Parus major
2 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.

Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus
2 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Palestine Sunbird Nectarinia osea
8 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.

Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor
6 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
1 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
2 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
6 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
3 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.

Hooded Crow Corvus corone cornix
100 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
45 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
2 at Rafa on 5 December 1999.
10 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
6 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.
20 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
10 at Lake Ikyut canal on 10 December 1999.
25 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
30 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis
55 at Coral Bay, Sharm el Sheikh on 8 December 1999.

Tristram's Grackle Onychognathus tristramii
2 at St. Katherine Monastery on 7 December 1999.

Starling Sturnus vulgaris
1 at 10th of Ramadan Sewage Ponds on 4 December 1999.
7 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.

House Sparrow Passer domesticus
20 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
10 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
8 at Zaranik on 5 December 1999.
10 at Kurum el Sheikh Yamit) on 5 December 1999.
10 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
200 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
50 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
120 at Tall Sallam on 6 December 1999.
55 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 7 December 1999.
25 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.
21 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Red Avadavat Amandava amandava
5 at Lake Qarun on 3 December 1999.
90 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.
8 at Abassa Fish Farm on 12 December 1999.

Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
1 at Rafa on 5 December 1999.
1 at Zaranik on 6 December 1999.
31 at El Salam Farm on 6 December 1999.

Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
5 at St. Katherine Monastery on 7 December 1999.

Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
1 at Abassa on 12 December 1999.

Linnet Carduelis cannabina
1 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.
2 at Sharm el Sheikh Sewage Farm on 8 December 1999.
85 at Lake Ikyut on 10 December 1999.

Sinai Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus
2 at Wadi Arbaein, St. Katherine on 7 December 1999.

Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra
12 at Salhiya Toll Road on 4 December 1999.

Andrew Grieve
Chairman, OSME