isrtrip3

Israel Trip Report

March (13-) 15-24, 1996

Rob Goldbach March 13-24
Harry Lehto March 15-24
Kirsi Lehto March 15-17

ITINERARY: (Times indicate time of arrival in local SUMMER TIME)

13 March 1996
Zikron Yakoov, Ma'agan Michael

15 March 1996
16.00-16.20 & 18.50-19.10 Zikron Yakoov, 16.30-18.30 Maga'an Michael

16 March 1996
08.30-09.10 & 12.30-12.40 Zikron Yakoov, 9.30-12.30 Maga'an Michael, 14.30 Jerusalem, 15.30 -17.00 North End of Dead Sea, 17.30-21.00 Ein Gedi

17 March 1996
06.30-8.10 Ein Gedi, 10.30 Harzeva- Udva Airport, 14.00-14.20 Mount Yoash, 14.30-16.40 Wadi Shlomo, 17.00-19.30 Eilat(K19, North Beach)

18 March 1996
07.00-19.15 Eilat(7.00 WPS, 9.20 LOP, 11.00 Mt Kapanen, 11.30 NS, 13.00 NB, 13.20 PG, 15.20 SF, 16.20 K20, 18.50 SP, 19.00 NB )

19 March 1996
07.10-19.25 Eilat(7.10 WPS, 8.00 NS, 9.00-11.30 Mt Kapanen, 12.30 Red House 12.50 NB -> 15.00 K19, 15.30 K20, 17.00 AP, 19.10 WPS)

20 March 1996
07.00-19.00 Eilat(7.00 K33, 11.00 K40, 12.30 K53, 17.10 K33, 17.45 NB+S P)

21 March 1996
07.00-19.20 Eilat(7.00 Cemetery, 8.15 Red House, 8.30-10.30 Mt Kapanen, 11.30 NB, 12.15 RS, 13.00 SF, 14.15 K20, 14.50 K50+53, 18.00 K19, 19.00 NB)

22 March 1996
06.30-13.30 Eilat(6.30 NB, 7.15 PG, 7.40 RS, 8.30 Mt Yoash, 10.00-10.30 Mt Kapanen, 12.00 K50, 13.00-13.30 K53), 16.10-17.30 Sede Boque, 18.45-20.00 Nizzana (Airstrip, 19.30- Sewage Pond)

23 March 1996
07.00-14.40 Nizzana(07.00 Airstrip, 08.00 Sewage Ponds, 10.30 Airs trip, 11.00 Wadi Nizzana, 12.00 Nizzana Airstrip, 13.20 Wadi at intersection of Nizzana Road and Road to Shivta), 14.00-17.00 Urim Road, 18.00-18.10 Ma'agan Zohar

24 March 1996
07.00-10.00 Lod Airport - No birding due to heavy rain.

WEATHER:

 

    Temp   wind   clouds   visibility
15.3    15C - 20C    2bf    0/8 Hazy    10km
16.3   15C - 27C   calm   0/8   10km(Coast), >30km Dead Sea
17.3   18C - 30C   0-2bf N   0->2/8 Ci   >30km
18.3   14C - 27C   0-3bf   2->4/8 Ci   >30km
19.3   12C - 27C   1->4bf N   0->5/8 Ci, As   >30km
20.3   12C - 32C   0-2bf N   0-1/8 Ci   >50km
21.3   13C - 30C   2bf N   0-1/8 Ci   >50km
22.3   12C - 25C   0->4bf W   2/8 Ci-7/8 Cb   >50km -> 500m
22.3   >10C   1bf   6/8 Ac, Cb   >20km > Nizzana
23.3   8C->24C   2bf   4-7/8 Ac, Cb   >20km
23.3   ->14C   0bf   Showers   <1km > Lod
24.3   15C-20C       Continuous Rain    

LOCATIONS VISITED:

The area around EILAT appears to be under heavy development. Trip reports as recent as 1985 appeared to have old details. Particularly heavy development was sensed around the North Beach area and the North end of the Salt pans. Also it appeared from the city map that the area of the water pump station is under threat (Ring Road). This is why we though t of adding a summary of the locations we visited. We should also note that Hadoram Shirihai's booklet "Birdwatching in the Deserts of Israel" (BDI) is out of print and partially out of date. We will next list our itinerary in the order we visited the sites.

1) MICHAEL MA'AGAN (MM) is located near the Coastal Highway from Tel Aviv to Haifa, about 100 km from Ben Gurion Airport. Driving North along the coast al highway take the exit to Zikron Yakoov (ZY) and Tiberias. Drive East. At first traffic light (a couple of kilometers from coastal highway, before the first hills) take a right (South) towards Zikron Yakoov. Drive a further 2 km or so. About 200 meters before the intersection to Zikron Yakoov on the left side or 50 meters before a police station (also on your left) turn right onto what looks like a farm yard area. Turn immediately a second time right to a dirt road due North. It goes into an Avocado plantation and turns soon West towards the shore. Follow this road as far west as you can. Find the bridge that crosses the highway.

We had to park 50 meters west of the highway because of a closed gate. From there on we walked along the fish ponds (busy on Sabaths!) to the shore line. The reed beds on the left side held some Clamorous Reed Warblers. On the right side shore birds and gulls were plentiful. We did not pay much attention the ponds East of the Coastal Highway, although they are supposed to be good too.

2) NORTH END OF DEAD SEA The alfafla field mentioned in Shirihai's BDI was now a melon field, and obviously the Black Francolins were not present there any more. Seemed good for shrikes and warblers. The first sighting of a Namaqua Dove was an elusive male bird located about 1 km North of the T-intersection at the North End of Dead Sea.

3) EIN GEDI (EG) The Oasis on the Dead Sea. Unfortunately we did not have much time here. We tried to find the Hume's Tawny Owl from the amphiteatre and the picnic area at the lower end of (the Canyon) Nahal David. In the picnic area we got some quick views of some large bats and a nightjar.

4) HARZEVA Some 140 km N/NNE of Eilat. A good eating place right at the service station. Due to lack of time no birding done.

5) EILAT AREA - RAPTOR MIGRATION: We used the following points for migration:
Mount Kapanen -(MK) As one leaves Eilat towards the mountains the road starts to climb. Before the first down hill on this road (maybe 4 km from city limit sign) stop your car. The view does not appear extraordinarily good, but the raptors will pass over giving good views.
Lower Observing Point (LOP) - is where the road reaches a low point after Mount Kapanen. It is close to the point where Wadi/Canyon/Nahal Shlomo starts to run parallel to the road.
(Unnamed) - After LOP the road starts to climb quite steeply. About halfway to Mount Yoash, there is a small lay by on the right side. This appears to be a favoured point to many raptor watchers.
Top of Mount Yoash - the high point of the area.
En Nefatim -- we tried to get there, but the road was obviously in a condition unsuitable for ordinary cars.

6) LOCATIONS ON THE WEST/NORTH WEST SIDE OF EILAT- The following four sites are just outside the present city. The Water Pump Station area appears to be under threat. The four sites are listed from North to South. In most cases we saw no other birders in the morning while birding these sites.
Cemetery: North west of Town. Drive to the End of Sederot Ha Temarim, from there you should be able to see the Cemetery. Please behave respectfully.
Water Pump Station (WPS): About 1 km West/Southwest of the Cemetery. Drive West on Los Angeles, which turns into Ha Sorta'im. Just before the Sports stadium turn right to Ha Iztadion. After about 200 meters turn left following the wall of the stadium. Some 150 meters in front of you can see the pump station. The drinking site was during our visit under an acacia tree. To see Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse be there WELL before sunset and leave when the last sandgrouse have left in the dark.
Nahal Shahmon (NS): Can be accessed from three directions: From the water pump station. Take a dirt road, that passes the large water tanks towards the mountains. After about 1 km turn left. You'll have to drive another kilometer before you get to the first Acacias. Alternatively, you can access the Nahal by driving from the main intersection of the city about 2km towards the mountains. Turn into the Nahal right after the last city buildings on your right side. If you are coming from the mountains you can access the area by turning left right after a military camp on your left side and large water tanks on your right side. This dirt road is marked "Nahal Roded". After about 300 meters take the first turn right. 200 meters down the road and you are in the middle of Wadi Shahmon. We had in this Nahal several warbler species, House Bunting and Little Green Bee-eater. A Bateleur was seen in this area soon after we had left Eilat.
Nahal(Wadi) Shlomo (WS): Easiest to access from the North End of the Nahal. Drive to the Mountains. About 7 km from Eilat main intersection, the last wadi you cross before you start to climb the long and steep ascent to Mount Yoash is Nahal Shalomo. Turn back to the wadi and go SW along it. It is about an 8 km drive. We had Hooded Wheatear, and Sinai Rosefinch about were Nahal Shlomo and Nahal Rehavam meet.

7) ROAD 90:
K12 Eilat - The locations along Road 90 are given by the kilometer signs. They are distances measured from Taba Boarder Crossing point on the Egyptian boarder. The central intersection in Eilat is about K12.

Red House - A one hectare coastal patch of wasteland about 300m south of the main intersection between the Red House hotel and the military port. The apartment building North of the patch has the word RED written on its roof.

North Beach - Older trip reports mention extensive thickets North of the North Beach. They have all been cleared. The Beach itself appears to be heavily populated by people living in tents. Still it provides two stretches (30m, 50m) of sandy beach that birds appear to frequent. Also it provides views of birds in the Aqaba harbour. Seems to be at its best very early in the morning and very late in the evening. A gathering site for birders in evenings. Located right where the Israel-Jordan border meets the Sea.

Birdwatching Trail - Things seemed to have changed considerably. Driving North along the Tour and starting from North Beach (NB) along the Canal(C). The saltpans (SP) appeared quite empty, so we did not spend much time there. During some evenings they had decent numbers of Gulls. The Palmdate Groves ( PG) appeared good. We spent too little time there. Southern Fields ( SF) were good for wheatears. A Dung Heap and the nearby Ringing Station (RS) -- on the West side of the road, about 200 meters before the Boarder Crossing to Jordan appeared good for various kinds of birds. During our short visit to the ringing station we had splendid opportunities to study birds in hand (Wryneck, Isabelline Wheatear, Eastern Bonelli's Warbler, Feldegg race of Yellow Wagtail, Graceful Prinia, Olivaceous Warbler, Hoopoe and Kentish Plover). About half way between the Boarder crossing point and Road 90 there were hay bails (HB) close to the road. These were good for buntings. Apparently the location of hay bails changes from year to year. The palm date grove (PG) just north of the road between boarder crossing and the Highway 90 was good for various passerines.

North Fields (NF) used to be alfalfa fields and a couple years a go they were melon fields. Now grapes are grown, and birdwise they appear to have lost their significance, except for wheatears.

K18.5 or K19 Beyond what used to be the North Fields, there is a complex of Sewage ponds. This was very good for wagtails. It offered also good views of individual shore birds, bee-eaters and some passerines. The South-West most pond (30m by 50m) was the best one.

K20 A second complex of ponds at the Jordanian boarder. Despite of being on the border zone, it seemed OK to drive on the dike closest to Highway 90. Some Belgian birders were chased away by the boarder patrol after driving on the dike closest to the boarder. During our trip the only site for Dead Sea Sparrow, and the only reliable site for Namaqua Dove was between the greenhouses and the road leading to the ponds.

Armar's Pillars Opposite to the K20 pond complex, is a dirt road that leads WEST (left if you're coming from Eilat). About 2.5 km from Highway 90 take the right fork, and drive another 4 km or so. You will enter a very primitive picnic site. This is the location for Sinai Rosefinch. We saw good raptor migration here one evening between 5 and 6 pm.

K33 Desert bird habitat. Sand (coarse and fine) with small bushes in between. It seemed that large areas were defoliated by caterpillars. Still some pretty good habitat appears to remain between K32 and K34, with the entry to the habitat at K33. For the sake of rare larks stay on the dirt roads. Keep you eye on migrating birds too! Desert Finches were flying by during the morning in small flocks.

K40 Multiple habitats: Palm date grove, Dung heap, Hay bails, Sand dunes, small sewage pond. The Date grove (200 meters from Highway 90) appeared good for passerines. The Dung heap and hay bails had Bimaculated Larks and Cretzschmar's Buntings. We did not go to dunes or the ponds.

K50 Good looking Acacia area on the west side of Highway 90 (left of the road coming from Eilat). Reputably one of the best sites for Arabian Warbler. Appeared to be good for other warblers too.

K53 THE site for Arabian Warbler (1-2 pairs left) is 200 meters East/South-East of the gas station . Also good for Little Green Bee-eater and Brown Babbler.

Sites we did not visit thoroughly during our trip were Canal, Date palm groves, Saltpans, Down Town or Hotel Area City Parks.

7) SEDE BOQUER About 145 km N/NNW of Eilat and 40 km S or Be'er Sheva as the Sandgrouse flies. Our first aim was to get to Canyon Avdat. Unfortunately we arrived at 16. 30. The guard at the gate told us that nobody is let in after 4 pm, and that after 5 pm the canyon must be vacated. We saw some vultures both from the road descending down to Avdat and from Ben Gurion Field School.

8) NIZZANA

35 km West of Sede Boquer and 55 km SW of Be'er Sheva as the Saker flies. Our first experience with Nizzana was quite "exciting". Soon after Sede Boquer signs of "Firing range area" started appearing on both sides of the road. These signs appeared to be everywhere all the way from Massabe Sade to Nizzana. We were at the infamous airstrip (just south of the ruins) at sunset, and managed to see the Houbara Bustards. We had planned to stay overnight in the car at Nizzana. After turning off the car lights we saw a pair of Jeep headlights starting to approach us. We were soon told that A CURFEW STARTS AT 5 PM, AND NO ONE IS ALLOWED TO MOVE AROUND IN NIGHT TIME. We ended up sleeping in the car at the Be'er Sheva Market place, where dog packs were fighting, wild cats marking their territories and rats trying to get into the car. After all this we ended up in Nizzana early next morning (SABBATH!).
If you visit NIZZANA do so at Sabbath. First try to find the Houbara Bustard 50 meters South of the southern end of the airstrip, on both sides of the road WITHOUT LEAVING THE ROAD (to minimise disturbance) and after an hour from sunrise move to the sandgrouse area closer to the Nizzana ruins. The sandgrouse can be seen flying over the road East of the Ruins to the waterholes located between the two military camps.

9) MA'AGAN ZOHAR A small pond on the way from Urim to Tel-Aviv on Road 352. Visible from the North East corner. From Road 40 (Beer Sheva-Tel Aviv) take the exit at Qirat Gat to Road 35. Drive west about 5 km, the turn left to Road 352. Drive South 4-5 km. We went along a small farm road to the North Eastern corner of the reservoir.

CAR RENTAL:

We rented a car from Budget rent-a-car through a Finnish Travel Agent for 9 days March 15 to March 24 with unlimited mileage for 1692 FIM (380 USD) + 15 USD Airport tax for a compact 5 door CCMR type (second smallest size, air conditioned) FIAT. This was enough for 2 people, and temporarily for 3. We slept two nights in the car. We drove 1758 kilometers. The roads were of good condition (except for some 10 km of road under construction to Sede Boquer). General speed limit app ears to be 90 km/h, but you tend to slow down traffic if you drive 110 km/h in the desert. Gasoline price was on average about 2.6 NIS (4 FIM 0.90$/liter), and gasoline consumption about 74 liters/1000 km. You will need an international driver's license. The license numbers of all drivers, as well as their names and birthdays, plus a credit card. Drivers under 25 years have to pay an extra daily charge. Before you sign the agreement make sure that you and they agree on what is paid and what needs to be paid (eg. AIRPORT TAX). Get your signed credit card slip back when you return your car (unless you use it for paying some charges).

OTHER TIPS:

To find your way around Eilat: We first found the Tourist Center (Behind the Burger King, 50 meters West from the central traffic light intersection of Eilat) on Derek Yotham. Here you can get a city map to get to the Birdwatching center at Sederot Ha Temarim (open 7 am -11 am, and sometime in the afternoon (3-7 pm?))

LANGUAGE:

English is spoken by most people. The official language is Hebrew, thus quite often vowels vary in transliterated names eg. ELAT and EILAT are the same thing, as are Avedat, Avdat and Avadat.

CURRENCY:

During our trip the exchange rate on street was 1 USD =3 New Israeli Shekels, or 1 NIS = 1.5 FIM. To get cash exchanged, it was most convenient to walk close to the bank just 50 meters down the road from the birdwatching center and to look like as if you were searching for somebody. The street exchange fellows (1-3 at a time) changed also larger dollar notes for smaller ones with no commission. Exchange rates in the bank was 2.87 NIS for a dollar after commission. Stores and restaurants accepted dollars but at even lower rates (2.70-2.85 NIS/1 USD).

MILITARY:

Many bird sites are very close to borders or otherwise sensitive areas. Mind your actions near Nizzana (curfew after 5 pm), Jordanian boarder and the North end of the Urim fields.

ENTERING ISRAEL:

If there's a chance that you may enter Egypt or an Arab country (except Jordan) while your passport is still valid, you should ask for NO STAMPS at the entry port. You will be asked about this on your departure, but the above reason is a sufficient explanation upon departure. YOUR VISA NEEDS TO BE VALID FOR 3 MONTHS **AFTER** YOUR TRIP.

FLIGHTS FROM ISRAEL:

Any time you take a flight from Israel you will be cross-examined by at least 2 examiners. Be honest and reply to the questions only. Having a bird book and a bird note book in your pocket ready may be useful for "proving" of what you were doing in Israel.

ACCOMMODATION:

We stayed one night at Ein Gedi Camping ($90/3 persons in a caravan), and 5 nights in a guest house (The Gardens) in Eilat at Seder ot Ha-Temarim (80 NIS/night for the two of us) plus two nights in the car. There appears to be loads of youth hostels in Eilat.

NOTES ON SPECIES:

* = Zikron Yakoov
$ = 3 isolated species on March 13 not seen other wise
+ = present but with no number estimate
sp = unidentified to species
20+ = Lower limit estimate of 20
s = sound
K = thousands (2 K = 2000)
D = Only dead birds
?= ID may not be final yet.

MM Michael Ma'agan, -> To Jerusalem, -> To Ein Gedi, EG Ein Gedi -> To Eilat , -> To Nizzana, N Nizzana, U-MZ Urim and Ma'agan Zohar

DAILY SUMS OF SPECIES

 

DATE             15 <----16-----><-----17----> 18 19 20 21 22  22 22 23  23
                 MM MM MM->J->EG EG EG ->E  <----Eilat------>->N  N  N U-MZ
Little Grebe     20  4  4  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Cormorant        50+ 4  2  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  6  3  2  2 | -  -  -   -
White Pelican    2D  - 1D  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Striated Heron    -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  1  -  3  - | -  -  -   -
Night Heron       - 60 30  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Squacco Heron     -  -  -  1  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  1  - | -  -  -   -
Cattle Egret    10+200 10  +  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  2  - | -  -  - 4 3
West Reef Heron   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  2  1  -  5  1  3 | -  -  -   -
Little Egret     50+ 8 10  +  -  -  - |  -  -  1  -  4  1  - | -  -  -   -
Great Egret      30+ 5  6  +  -  -  - |  -  -  - 27  -  -  - | -  -  -   1
Grey Heron       50+ 8 10  +  -  -  - |  -  1 35  - 18  - 40 | -  -  -   1
Black Stork       -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  5  - 310 - 63 82 | -  -  -   8
White Stork     200* -  - 800 -  -  - |  -  -  2  3  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Spoonbill         -  2  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Flamingo          -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  - 14 14  - 10  - | -  -  -   -
Ruddy Shelduck    -  4  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Shelduck          -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  6  6  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Gadwall           -  -  2  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Common Teal      30 30 20  -  -  -  - |  -  - 13  -  -  -  - | -  - 30 10
Mallard          20 10 15  -  -  -  - |  -  - 20  6  -  -  - | -  -  - 4 0
Pintail           8  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  8  8  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Garganey         50 50 100 -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  - 20 20  3 | -  -  8 2 5
Shoveler        200 25  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  6  -  - | -  -  2 4 00
Pochard           -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  - 12  -  - 10  -  - | -  -  -   -
Tufted Duck      60  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Black Kite       25+ 8  2 35  -  -  - |  1 13 20 920110250150| -  -   140
Egyptian Vulture  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  2  -  -  7  -  2  1 | 2  -  -   -
Griffon Vulture   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | 4  -  -   -
Short-toed Eagle  1  -  -  1  -  -  - |  -  -  1  2  -  -  - | -  -  2   1
Marsh Harrier    10  2  3  -  -  -  1 |  -  1  3  4  1  1  1 | -  -  7   -
Hen Harrier       -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  3   -
Pallid Harrier    -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1  -  3  -  -  - | 1  -  4   1
Goshawk           -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  1  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Sparrowhawk       1  -  -  -  -  -  - |  1  -  -  -  -  2  - | -  -  -   -
Steppe Buzzard    -  2  1* 1  -  -  2 |  3 250380 5K100 2K 1K| 3  -  5   2
Long-leg Buzzard  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  5  -  -  - | 1  -  -   1
L. Spotted Eagle  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  4  1  1  - | 1  - 22 8 +4sp
Spotted Eagle     1  1  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  1  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Steppe Eagle      -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1 27 130 1 20  8 | -  -  1   -
Imperial Eagle    -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  1  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Booted Eagle      -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  1  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   3
Lesser Kestrel    2* -  3* -  1  -  - |  -  1  -  -  1  1  - | -  -  -   3
Eurasian Kestrel 10 10 10 10  2  -  - |  3  -  -  3  1  2  - | 6sp-  -2+ 30sp
Lanner            -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  1   -
Barbary Falcon    -  -  -  -  -  -  - | 1sp -  -  -  1  -  - | -  -  -   -
Chukar            5  -  -  -  -  -  2 |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | 7  - 110  -
Sand Partridge    -  -  -  -  -  - 20 |  -  2  s  3  -  1  - | -  -  4   -
Quail             1  2  -  -  -  -  - |  -  - 16  6  -  4  - | -  -  4   -
Moorhen          15  8  4  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Eurasian Coot    15 10  6  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  1   -
Common Crane      -  -  - 500 -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Houbara Bustard   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  1  2   -
Black-wing Stilt 20 20 50  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  3  -  - | -  - 12   -
Avocet            -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  1  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Stone-curlew      -  -  -  -  -  1  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  5  -   -
Cream-c. Courser  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  2   -
Coll. Pratincole  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  3  - | -  -  -   -
Little R. Plover  2  -  1  -  -  -  - |  - 10  - 10  s 12  - | -  -  -   -
Ringed Plover    15  -  5  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  2  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Kentish Plover  100+ 6 10  -  -  -  - |  -  5 90 66  - 22 10 | -  -  -   -
Greater S. Plover -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1  -  6  2  2  3 | -  -  -   -
Spur-w. Plover   30+15 25  -  4  -  - |  -  4  1  6  -  2  - | -  s 20 25
White-tail Plover -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1  -  2  -  2  - | -  -  -   -
Little Stint    150  3 10  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  8  -  2  - | -  -  2   -
Temminck's Stint  5  3  4  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Dunlin           10  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  8  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Ruff             75 150 220-  -  -  - |  -  5  - 27  - 15  3 | -  - 50   -
Snipe             5  2  -  -  -  -  - |  -  2  1  -  -  1  - | -  -  -   -
Whimbrel          -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 | -  -  -   -
Curlew            -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  1  1  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Spotted Redshank  -  2  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  2  4  -  3  - | -  -  1   -
Redshank         20 10 10  -  -  -  - |  -  -  1  3  -  2  1 | -  -  -   -
Marsh Sandpiper   3  8  +  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  1  -  -  - | -  -  1   -
Greenshank        2  3 10  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  2  1  - | -  -  -   -
Green Sandpiper   1  1  2  -  -  -  - |  -  -  s 22  1  2  - | -  -  1   -
Wood Sandpiper    1  -  1  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  1  -  1  - | -  s  -   -
Com. Sandpiper  10+  6  +  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Shorebird sp      - 200 -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
White-eyed Gull   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  - 14 12  - 19 15  - | -  -  -   -
G. Black-Headed  12 14  6  -  -  -  - |  -  -  2  -  2  1  - | -  -  -   -
Little Gull       2 22 30  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  1  - | -  -  -   -
Black-head. Gull ++ 150 250-  -  -  - |  - 30 100 5 30 50 50 | -  -  -   -
Slender-bill Gull 1  -  3  -  -  -  - |  -  -200+ 5  5  8  2 | -  -  -   -
Lesser BB Gull    1  4  5  -  -  -  - |  -  - 100 1 20 50 40 | -  -  -   -
Heuglin's Gull    -  -  1  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Yellow-leg. Gull +sp -  1  -  -  - 20M|  - 20 1 150 25 50  8 | -  -  -   -
Armenian Gull+sp200 80 100 +  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  4  -  - | -  -  -   -
Caspian Tern      -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  2  -  -  1  - | -  -  -   -
Sandwich Tern     2  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  2  -  5  5  -  - | -  -  -   -
Common Tern       -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  1  -  -  1  3 | -  -  -   1
Lichten's SG.     -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  - 41  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Crown Sandgrouse  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  9   -
Spott Sandgrouse  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  - 735  -
Black-bellied SG. -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  - 325  -
Pin-tailed SG.    -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  - 255  40sp
Rock Dove         -  -  -  ++ 5  -  - |  5 30  + 10  3 4+ >1K| -  - 15   100
Collared Dove     -  4* * 150 20 - 15 | 10  5 25 30 50 15 15 | 20 -  -   190
Turtle Dove       -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  1  - | -  -  -   6
Laughing Dove     -  5* *  -  - 20 20 | 15 10 30 20 30 40 10 | -  -  -   -
Namaqua Dove      -  -  -  -  1  -  - |  -  -  7  5  -  5  - | -  -  -   -
Ring-n. Parakeet  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 |  -  -  -  -  - 1sp - | -  -  -   -
Agapornis sp      -  -  -  -  -  -  1 |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Nightjar sp       -  -  -  -  -  1  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Little Owl        -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  2  2
Striat. Scops Owl -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  1  -  - | -  -  -   -
Swift             -  2  -  - 100 -  - |30 100 50 20  1 10 30 |50  - 100  -
Pallid Swift      -  -  -  -  -  -  - |a50  -  -  5  - 100 - | -  -  25  -
Alpine Swift      2*$-  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  1  2  - 27  - |20  -  -   -
Little Swift      2*$-  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
WB Kingfisher     6  3  1  1  -  -  2 |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Kingfisher        1  1  1  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Pied Kingfisher  25+12 10  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  2  1  1 | -  -  -   3
Li Gr. Bee-eater  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 |  -  -  4  1  4  5  2 | -  -  -   -
Hoopoe            2  2  -  -  -  -  1 |  -  -  5  2  4  8  - | -  -  -   9
Wryneck           -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  6  - | -  -  -   -
Syrian Woodpecker 1* -  2  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
BT Desert Lark    -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  - 25  -  - | 3  -  -   -
Desert Lark       -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  3 11 14 10  -  - | -  -  -   -
Hoopoe Lark       -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  - >7  -  - | -  -  -   -
Bimaculated Lark  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  4  -  - | -  -  -   -
Short-toed Lark   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  - 60 20 95 25 20 |50 20 400  -
Lesser ST Lark    -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  - 50   -
Crested Lark      + 10  8  - 15  -  2 |  8  - 10  4 25 10  5 |10  -   100
Rock Martin       -  -  -  -  -  - 10 |  4  -  1  8  -  8  2 | -  -  -   -
Sand Martin       -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  1 10  -  - | -  -  2   -
Barn Swallow      + 200100 + 20  -  - |  - 20 20 10 30 10 10 | -  -  5   5
Red-rump. Swallow -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1 50 10 20 20 30 | -  -  -   -
House Martin      -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  - 10  1  5 10  3 | -  -  5   -
Tawny Pipit       -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  3  1  - | 2  -  5   2
Tree Pipit        -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  2  -  4  - | -  -  -   -
Meadow Pipit      -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  2  -  1  -  1  - | -  -  -   -
Red-throat Pipit 20 15  6  -  -  -  - |  -  2  -  -  6  -  1 | -  -  1   -
Water Pipit      15  4  3  -  -  -  - |  - 10  - 10  -  7  - | -  -  -   -
Buff-bell. Pipit  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Yellow Wagtail    1  4  6  -  -  -  - |  - 30  s 80 4s 55  10| -  -  5   -
Citrine Wagtail   2  2  1  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Grey Wagtail      1$ -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
White Wagtail    20 20 10  -  -  2  - |  -  2 20 100 25 50 10| -  - 50 15
White-s. Bulbul   - 10*10*15  5 10 100| 20 20 70  30 40 40 20| -  -  -   -
Wren              -  1* 2* -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Rufous Bush Robin -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
European Robin    3* -  2* -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Nightingale       -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  1  1  3 | 3  -  -   -
Bluethroat        2  -  2  -  -  -  - |  -  1 1s  -  1  1  - | -  -  -   -
Black Redstart   3*  -  -  -  -  -  1 |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Redstart          -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  4  1  5 36  8 |10  -  3   -
Blackstart        -  -  -  -  -  4  20| 20  4 15  7  1 32  5 | 3  -  1   -
Stonechat        20  1  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1  -  -  -  2  1 | -  -  -   -
Isabell. Wheatear 4  -  1  -  -  -  - |  -  -  2  1  3  2  2 | 1  -  2   -
North. Wheatear   -  -  2  -  -  -  - |  -  2  5  5  7  8  11| 3  -  3   2
Pied Wheatear     -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  1? - | -  -  -   -
BE Wheatear       -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  1  - 21  7  5 15  18| 6  -  7   -
Mourn. Wheatear   -  -  -  -  1  -  - |  6  -  -  -  -  -  - | 2  -  -   -
Hooded Wheatear   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
WC Black Wheatear -  -  -  -  -  1  - |  2  3  2  2  -  2  - | 2  -  -   -
Blue Rock Thrush  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  1  1  3  2  -  3  - | -  -  -   -
Blackbird         -  4* 5* -  -  -  1 |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Song Thrush       3* -  1* -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Cetti's Warbler   3  1  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Graceful Prinia  40 15 25  - 10  -  - |  -  -  3  3  5  7  - | -  -  -   1
Scrub Warbler     -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   1
Sedge Warbler     -  -  1  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Reed Warbler     10 10 20  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Cl. Reed Warbler  5  -  4  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Olivac. Warbler   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  4  -  - | -  -  -   -
Spect. Warbler    -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | 3  -  1   -
Subalp. Warbler   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  1  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Sardin. Warbler  ++* -  2* -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  3  4  - | -  -  1   -
Rüppell's Warbler -  -  -  -  -  -  1 |  -  - 10  7  1 11  6 |10  -  -
Arabian Warbler   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  2  -  -  -  1 | -  -  -   -
Orphean Warbler   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1  -  -  -  1  - | -  -  -   -
Less. Whitethroat -  -  2  - 10  5 15 |  3  7 18 15 23 67 32 |30  -  4   -
Whitethroat       -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1  -  1  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Blackcap          2* -  -  -  1  -  4 |  -  -  1  -  4 17  9 | 8  -  2   -
E. Bon Warbler +sp-  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  4  3  7 36  8 | 4  -  -   -
Chiffchaff        +  3 10  -  -  -  15|  -  1  -  1  1  2  - | 2  -  -   -
S-col. Flycatcher -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  1  -  - 1sp - | -  -  -   -
Arabian Babbler   -  -  -  -  -  -  6 |  -  -  2  - 10  7  2 | 1  -  -   -
Great Tit        10* -  1* -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Penduline Tit     -  -  1  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Palestine Sunbird - 10* 5* 5  -  2  5 |  -  1  8  7  5 16 11 | -  -  -   -
Great Grey Shrike -  -  -  -  2  -  - |  -  -  -  -  2  1  - | 1  -   1
Woodchat Shrike   -  -  -  -  2  -  1 |  1  -  1  4  6  6  1 | 2  -   4
Masked Shrike     -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  3  2  -  3  - | -  -  -   -
Jay              3*  - 1*  1* -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   2
Jackdaw           -  -  -  5  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
House Crow        -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  - 16 14  7 31  2  4 | -  -  -   -
Hooded Crow       + 20  5 40  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  2  5 100
Brown-n. Raven    -  -  -  -  -  -  3 | 50  -  1  5  5 25  2 |35  - 15   -
Common Raven      -  -  -  -  -  -  2 |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Fan-tailed Raven  -  -  -  -  -  2  2 |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Trist's Grackle   -  -  -  -  2  2 150| 10  - 12 10  s  -  - | -  -  -   -
House Sparrow     + 15  5  - 15 20  15|30  6  >2 26 20 25 30 | -  -  - 30
Spanish Sparrow   -  -  -  - 20 20  30|10 25 >15 16 20 25 20 | -  -  - 100
Dead Sea Sparrow  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  - 50  8  -  2  - | -  -  -   -
Chaffinch         +  5 10  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   1
Tristram's Serin  -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  4  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Greenfinch        +  5  5  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  - 10   1
Goldfinch         +  3  5  -  -  -  - |  -  1  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  - 20
Linnet            -  -  1  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  - 40
Desert Finch      -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  - 15  4  - | -  -  -   7
Trumpeter Finch   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  2  1 10  3  -  1  - | 8  -  -   -
Sinai Rosefinch   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  1  -  8  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
House Bunting     -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  1  -  -  2  - | -  -  -   -
Cinereous Bunting -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  1  2  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Ortolan Bunting   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  5  - | -  -  1   -
Cretzs's Bunting   -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  - 25 23 36 33 33 | -  - 10 10
Reed Bunting      -  -  1  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  -   -
Corn Bunting      -  -  -  -  -  -  - |  -  -  -  -  -  -  - | -  -  2   3  

SOME COMMENTS ON SOME OBVIOUS RACES:

YELLOW WAGTAIL: The dominant race is feldegg. We saw two dombrowsii type yellow wagtails. These are birds from a stable hybrid feldegg x flava population breeding in Romania. Also 2 M.f.flava were seen at Maga'an Michael.
BLUETHROAT: Both white and red-spotted birds. Former possible cyanecula and the latter appeared quite dull, could have been pallidogularis or volgae.
LESSER WHITETHROAT: Mostly curruca-type, and possibly minula. (A very dark headed bird was photographed.)
GREAT GREY SHRIKE: In appearance quite similar to the Northern races. Possibly L.e. elegans.
JAY: Race: G g. atricapillus head very contrasty.
REDSTART: Two types: P.p phoenicurus (33 birds in Eilat) and samamisus (12 birds in Eilat). The race of 9 birds was not noted. The nominate race is widespread and the latter race breeds in Greece and Turkey.

NOTES ON LOCATIONS WHERE BIRDS WERE SEEN:

These sites indicated are just representative. For common species not all sites have been mentioned.

ZY = Zikron Yakoov    E =Elat     WPS=Water Pumping Station
MM = Michael Ma'agan    LOP=Lower Observing Point    NB=North Beach
EG = Ein Gedi   MK =Mount Kapanen     SP=Salt Pans
SB = Sede Boquer    WS =Wadi(Nahal) Shlomo    SF=South Fields
Niz= Nizzana    NS =Nahal Shahmon     RS=Ringing station
MZ = Ma'agan Zohar     Cem=Cemetery     PG=Palm Date grove( s)
Har= Harzeva    K50,K53=Yotvata     HB=Hay Bails
AP = Armar's Pillars

Podiceps ruficollis  Little Grebe    MM   
Phalacrocorax carbo  Cormorant     MM,NB   
Pelecanus onocrotalus White Pelican   MM only dead birds   
Buteroides striatus  Striated Heron   Red House   
Nycticorax nycticorax Night Heron    MM
Ardeola ralloides   Squacco Heron   C, TelAviv - both flying ov er
Bubulcus ibis    Cattle Egret    SF,Common in MM and North of Urim
Egretta gularis   Western Reef Heron    NB + Gulf of Aqaba
Egretta garzetta   Little Egret    MM,C,SP
Egretta alba    Great White Egret    MM + 1 flock at SP,MZ
Ardea cinerea    Grey Heron    MM,NB,SP,K20,MZ
Ciconia nigra    Black Stork    Migrating (MK,AP,LOP) 
Ciconia ciconia   White Stork    Migrating (MK,TelAviv,Urim)
Platalea leucorodia  Spoonbill     MM   
Phoenicopterus ruber  Flamingo     K20   
Tadorna ferruginea  Ruddy Shelduck   MM   
Tadorna tadorna   Shelduck     K20
Anas strepera    Gadwall     MM   
Anas crecca     Common Teal    MM,K20,NB,Niz,MZ  
Anas platyrhynchos  Mallard     MM,K20,NB,MZ   
Anas acuta     Northern Pintail  K20   
Anas querquedula   Garganey     MM,NB,MZ   
Anas clypeata    Northern Shoveler  MM,NB,Niz,MZ   
Aythya ferina    Pochard     NB   
Aythya fuligula   Tufted Duck    MM
Milvus migrans    Black Kite    MM,MK,AP,LOP,SF,WPS,Niz,Urim...
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture  Sedom,MK,AP,SB,K55
Gyps fulvus     Griffon Vulture   SB   
Circaetus gallicus  Short-toed Eagle  MK,migrating,Niz,Urim
Circus aeruginosus  Marsh Harrier   MM,EG,MK,K18.5,K20,PG,K53,N iz,Urim
Circus cyaneus    Hen Harrier    Niz,Urim
Circus macrourus   Pallid Harrier   MK,AP,Niz  
Accipiter gentilis  Goshawk     MK   
Accipiter nisus   Sparrowhawk    Har,MK,migrating   
Buteo buteo     Steppe Buzzard   MM,MK,migrating,Niz,MZ   
Buteo rufinus    Long-legged Buzzard   MK,migrating       
Aquila pomarina   Lesser Spotted Eagle    MK,K33,Niz
Aquila clanga    Spotted Eagle   MM,AP,Niz   
Aquila nipalensis   Steppe Eagle    MK+Eilat area in general,AP ,K33
Aquila heliaca    Imperial Eagle   MK   
Hieraaetus pennatus  Booted Eagle    MK + Urim   
Falco naumanni    Lesser Kestrel   ZY,MK,K33,Niz-Urim
Falco tinnunculus   Eurasian Kestrel  Coast,Eilat region,may unid'd
Falco biamircus   Lanner      Massabbe-Sade jct (40E of N iz)
Falco pelegrinoides  Barbary Falcon   K33 and one likely at Sedom
Alectoris chukar   Chukar      MM,EG,Mizpe-Ramon,Niz
Ammoperdix heyi   Sand Partridge   EG,Eilat deserts+hills to Niz
Coturnix coturnix   Quail      MM,K20,SF,NS,Niz   
Gallinula chloropus  Moorhen     MM   
Fulica atra     Eurasian Coot   MM,Niz   
Grus grus     Common Crane    One migrating flock near Te l Aviv
Chlamydotis undulata  Houbara Bustard    Niz South end of Airstrip
Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt    MM,C,Niz   
Recurvirostra avosetta Avocet      K20   
Burhinus oedicnemus  Stone-curlew    EG,Niz Airstrip
Cursorius cursor   Cream-colored Courser    Niz South end of Airstrip
Glareola pratincola  Collared Pratincole   K18.5   
Charadrius dubius   Little Ringed Plover    MM,K18.5,SP   
Charadrius hiaticula  Ringed Plover   MM,K18.5,K20   
Char. alexandrinus  Kentish Plover   MM,NB,K18.5,K20,RS
Char. leschenaultii  Greater Sand Plover   NB,K18.5,K20
Hoplopterus spinosus  Spur-winged Plover    MM,K18.5,K20,C,Niz
Chettusia leucura   White-tailed Plover   K18.5,K20   
Calidris minuta   Little Stint    MM,K20,Niz   
Calidris temminckii  Temminck's Stint   MM   
Calidris alpina   Dunlin      MM,K20  
Philomacus pugnax   Ruff      MM,K20,K18.5,Niz  
Gallinago gallinago  Snipe      MM,K18.5,K20   
Numenius phaeopus   Whimbrel     NB   
Numenius arquata   Curlew      K20   
Tringa erythropus   Spotted Redshank  MM,K20,Niz   
Tringa totanus    Redshank     MM,K20,NB   
Tringa stagnatilis  Marsh Sandpiper   MM,K20,Niz   
Tringa nebularia   Greenshank    MM,NB   
Tringa ochropus   Green Sandpiper   MM,K20,K40,C   
Tringa glareola   Wood Sandpiper   MM,K18.5,Niz   
Actitis hypoleucos  Common Sandpiper  MM   
Larus leucopthalamus  White-eyed Gull   NB   
Larus ichtyaetus   Great Black-H. Gull   MM,SP  
Larus minutus    Little Gull    MM,NB   
Larus ridibundus   Black-headed Gull     MM,NB,SP
Larus genei     Slender-billed Gull   MM,NB,SP
Larus fuscus    Lesser Black-B. Gull     MM,SP,NB  
Larus (arg) heuglini  Heuglin's Gull     MM
Larus cachinnans   Yellow-legged Gull    MM,SP (incl. unidd)
Larus armenicus   Armenian Gull   MM (incl. unidd),SP
Sterna caspia    Caspian Tern    SP
Sterna sandvicensis  Sandwich Tern   MM,NB   
Sterna hirundo    Common Tern    NB,SP,MZ  
Pter. lichtensteinii  Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse    WPS 
Pterocles coronatus  Crowned Sandgrouse    Niz (9.45)
Pterocles senegallus  Spotted Sandgrouse   Niz (8.35-9.45)
Pterocles orientalis  Black-bellied Sandgrouse    Niz (8.44-9.45) +Urim(sp)
Pterocles alchata   Pin-tailed Sandgrouse    Niz (8.35-10.00)
Columba livia    Rock Dove     Jerusalem,E;Niz+MK (wild?)
Streptopelia decaocto Collared Dove   EG,Eilat,K53
Streptopelia turtur  Turtle Dove    SF,North of Urim  
Stre. senegalensis  Laughing Dove   ZY,EG,E+K53 Near vegetation
Oena capensis    Namaqua Dove    K20,North End of Dead Sea
Psittacula krameri  Ring-necked Parakeet     EG,MK(sp)
Agapornis sp    Lovebird sp    EG
Caprimulgidae    Nightjar sp    EG  
Anthene noctuaa   Little Owl    Niz Airstrip+ruins
Otus brucei     Striated Scops Owl    K53
Apus apus     Eurasian Swift   Migrant  
Apus pallidus    Pallid Swift    MK(A few large flocks),Newe Zoham
Apus melba     Alpine Swift    MK,K53,SB
Apus affinis    Little Swift    ZY
Halcyon smyrnensis  White-br. Kingfisher     MM,EG  
Alcedo atthis    Kingfisher    MM  
Ceryle rudis    Pied Kingfisher    MM,NB-C,MZ  
Merops orientalis   Little Green Bee-eater    EG,NS,K18.5,K53  
Upupa epops     Hoopoe      MM,EG,SF,K18.5,PG,NS,K53,Urim
Jynx torquilla    Wryneck     PG,RS,K53
Dendrocopos syriacus  Syrian Woodpecker    ZY
Ammomanes cincturus  Bar-tail. Desert Lark    K33,K94.5  
Ammomanes deserti   Desert Lark    WS,WPS,NS,LOP,AP,K33...
Alaemon alaudipes   Hoopoe Lark    K33  
Mela. bimaculata   Bimaculated Lark   K40   
Cala. brachydactyla  Short-toed Lark    SF,HB,K18.5-53,K94.5,Niz,Urim
Cala. rufescens   Lesser S.-t. Lark     Niz Airstrip  
Galerida cristata   Crested Lark    MM,EG,Eilat region,K12-40,N iz,Urim
Ptyonoprogne fuligula Rock Martin    EG,Ovda,NS,MK,PG,K18.5,K50
Riparia riparia   Sand Martin    K18.5,K33,Niz
Hirundo rustica   Barn Swallow    MM,PG,migrating,K33,K40,Niz ...
Hirundo daurica   Red-rumped Swallow    migrating,K33,K40,Eilat,Niz ...
Delichon urbica   House Martin    MK,NB,K33,Niz  
Anthus campestris   Tawny Pipit    K33,RS,K94.5,Niz,Urim   
Anthus trivialis   Tree Pipit    WPS,MK,Cem,PG  
Anthus pratensis   Meadow Pipit    K18.5   
Anthus cervinus   Red-throated Pipit    MM,K18.5,K33,MZ  
Anthus spinoletta   Water Pipit    K18.5  
Anthus rubescens   Buff-Bellied Pipit   K18.5  
Motacilla flava   Yellow Wagtail     MM,K18.5,SF,RS,K33,K40,Niz,  
Motacilla citreola  Citrine Wagtail    MM  
Motacilla cinerea   Grey Wagtail    MM  
Motacilla alba    White Wagtail   MM,EG,RS,K18.5,K33,K40,Niz. ...
Pycnonotus xanthopygos    White-spectacled Bul.   common... (not Niz)
Troglodytes troglodytes    Wren      ZY  
Cercotrichas galactotes    Rufous Bush Robin    WPS    
Erithacus rubecula  European Robin   ZY
Luscinia megarhynchos Nightingale    K53,PG,K94.5   
Luscinia svecica   Bluethroat    MM,Har,C,RS,K40  
Phoenicurus ochruros  Black Redstart   EG   
Phoenicurus phoenicurus     Redstart     WPS,PG,K50,K53,RS,Cem,Niz
Cercomela melanura  Blackstart    EG,WS,WPS,NS,AP,MK,Cem,K50, K53
Saxicola torquata   Stonechat     MM,K18.5,K20,K50,Urim
Oenanthe isabellina  Isabelline Wheatear   MM,MK,WPS,PG,C,RS,K33,K40,N iz
Oenanthe oenanthe   Northern Wheatear    WPS,K18.5,Niz,Urim  
Oenanthe pleschanka  Pied Wheatear   K20,ID still open.   
Oenanthe hispanica  Black-eared Wheatear     Har,WPS,NS,PF,SF,K20,MK,K33 ,Niz..
Oenanthe lugens   Mourning Wheatear     EG, Odva to Eilat, K94.5   
Oenanthe monacha   Hooded Wheatear    WS  
Oenanthe leucopyga  White-crowned Black Wheatear    MK,NS,Cem - mountains
Monticola solitarius  Blue Rock Thrush   WPS,NS,Cem,K18.5 - mountain s
Turdus merula    Blackbird     ZY,EG
Turdus philomelos   Song Thrush    ZY
Cettia cetti    Cetti's Warbler   MM  
Prinia gracilis   Graceful Prinia    MM,SF,C,RS,K53,K40,MZ  
Scotocerca inquieta  Scrub Warbler   Wadi (beginning of road to Shivta)
Acro. schoenobaenus  Sedge Warbler   MM     
Acrocephalus scirpaceus   Reed Warbler    MM  
Acrocephalus stentoreus   Clamorous Reed Warbler    MM  
Hippolais pallida   Olivaceous Warbler    K53,RS   
Sylvia conspicilata  Spectacled Warbler    Niz
Sylvia cantillans   Subalpine Warbler    NS,K94.5   
Sylvia melanocephala   Sardinian Warbler    K33,K50,K53,Cem,Niz
Sylvia rüppelli   Rüppell's Warbler    EG,WPS,NS,K33,K50,K53,Cem,K 94.5
Sylvia leucomelaena  Arabian Warbler    NS,K53  
Sylvia hortensis   Orphean Warbler    WS,K50   
Sylvia curruca    Lesser Whitethroat    MM,EG,WPS,NS,MK,RS,K33-53,C em,Niz
Sylvia communis   Whitethroat    K18.5,K20,Cem   
Sylvia atricapilla  Blackcap     EG,WS,K40,K50,K53,Niz   
Phy.(bon.) orientalis Eastern Bonelli's War.   WPS,NS,RS,SF,AP,K50,K53(inc unid)
Phylloscopus collybita   Chiffchaff    MM,EG,WS,SF,K53 
Ficedula semitorquata Semi-coll. Flycatcher    PG  
Turdoides squamiceps  Arabian Babbler    EG,SF,K53
Parus major     Great Tit     ZY
Remiz pendulinus   Penduline Tit   MM
Nectarinia osea   Palestine Sunbird     ZY,EG,WS,WPS,NS,E,K50,K53
Lanius excubitor   Great Grey Shrike  K33,Niz   
Lanius senator    Woodchat Shrike   EG,C,SF,RS,K19,K33,K40...
Lanius nubicus    Masked Shrike   WPS,NS,Cem,RS,K53   
Garrulus glandarius  Jay       ZY,MZ   
Corvus monedula   Jackdaw     Tel-Aviv rubbish tip   
Corvus splendens   Indian House Crow    Eilat Downtown,NB,WPS
Corvus corone    Carrion/Hooded Crow   MM,Niz,Urim   
Corvus ruficollis   Brown-necked Raven    EG,EG-E,NS,MK,K18.5-K53,AP, SB,Niz
Corvus corax    Common Raven    EG   
Corvus rhipidurus   Fan-tailed Raven   EG   
Onychognathus tristramii   Tristram's Grackle   EG(Common),WPS,MK,NB,K33...
Passer domesticus   House Sparrow   MM,EG,K18.5,WPS,E,K53... 
Passer hispaniolensis Spanish Sparrow    EG,Har,WPS,E,PG,K20,Urim...
Passer moabiticus   Dead Sea Sparrow   K20   
Fringilla coelebs   Chaffinch     MM,Urim       
Serinus syriacus   Tristram's Serin   MK   
Carduelis chloris   Greenfinch    MM,Niz,Urim   
Carduelis carduelis  Goldfinch     MM,K18.5,Urim   
Carduelis cannabina  Linnet      MM,Urim   
Rhodospiza obsoleta  Desert Finch    K33(migrating),RS,Niz   
Bucanetes githagineus Trumpeter Finch    K160,WS,WPS,MK,NS,AP,K33,K9 4.5,Cem
Carpodacus synoicus  Sinai Rosefinch    WS,AP   
Emberiza striolata  House Bunting   NS,Cem   
Emberiza cineracea  Cinereous Bunting    HB   
Emberiza hortulana  Ortolan Bunting    HB,Niz   
Emberiza caesia   Cretzschmar's Bunting    HB,K18.5,WPS,K33-K53,Cem,Ni z,Urim
Emberiza schoeniclus  Reed Bunting    MM   
Miliaria calandra   Corn Bunting    Niz,Urim

Birds seen by others and not by us
Aquila verrauxi   Verraux's Eagle:    19.3 AP,20-21.3 MtYoash,24.3 MK
Strix butleri   Hume's Tawny Owl    trips led by Hadoram
Stercorarius pomarinus   Pomarine Jaeger      North Beach
Gelochelidon nilotica   Gull-billed Tern     North Beach
Clamator glandarius    Great Spotted Cuckoo     Road to
Sylvia melanothorax   Cyprus Warbler    In several Wadis

MAMMALS:

Mongoose Spec. (species not found in books) Ma'agan Michael
Musk rat 1    Ma'agan Michael
Bat Spec. several    Ein Gedi
Rock Hyrax 20+4+1    Ein Gedi
Capra ibex several herds    Ein Gedi to the Eilat mountains
Dromedarius 3    Harzeva
Fox 1    Near Ringing station
Mouse sp 1    Near Ringing station
Jackal (2)    Nizsana

Compiled by Harry Lehto
Elotie 1 A 8
FI-20780 Kaarina
FINLAND

Email now or later at:- hlehto@astro.utu.fi