turk9

Trip Report: Turkey, 9-16 February 1999 Visited sites:

Mugari Gölü, South of Gölbasi
Kulu Gölü
Demirkazik and Çukurbað
Western Çukurova delta, South of Tarsus
Akyatan Gölü, Eastern Çukurova delta
Marshes near Kaldirim and Bebeli, Eastern Çukurova delta
Bireçik
Isikli and Durnalik
Kizilirmak river near Karakeçili
Soðuksu Milli Parki near Kizilcahamam

Participants:

Eus van der Burg
Remco Hofland

Introduction After several visits to Turkey in summer, and a special offer to fly to Turkey for only DFL 100 (about 50 US$), we decided to try this beautiful country in winter. Our main aim was to check out the marshes in the Çukurova delta (a place that neither of us visited before) and to try and find Great Black-headed Gull. We had vague plans about also checking out Demirkazik (in the Eastern Taurus range – in summer the place for Caspian Snowcock, Radde's Accentor and Red-fronted Serin), a place that we visited before on several occasions; and also to have a look at Soðuksu Milli Parki near Kizilcahamam (between Ankara and Istanbul).

We flew with AirAlpha, a Turkish chartercompany that flies with most EU-countries. We rented a car at AvrasyaRent (by far the cheapest deal – 354 DM/390 DFL/200 US$ per week), and arranged that in advance by phoning with Germany. In Turkey, we got problems because we filled out the credit card slip like we agreed (354 German Marks), but according to the AvrasyaRent agent the slip should account for 68,000,000 Turkish Lira's. Because the rate was not exactly known to us, we refused, and he threatened to call the police (but we were already on the airport waiting for our flight to leave). At home we just paid the bill sent to us, so no problems there.

In Turkey, things were a little different than in summer. Most of interior Turkey was covered in snow, a great sight. Of course, the birds were different, but especially in Demirkazik we were hoping to find some of the specialties (mentioned above) but we didn't succeed. Also, according to the distribution maps, in Bireçik, the sandgrouse and Pied Kingfisher should still be there in winter, but we couldn't find those either. From the Çukurova delta we did not have a lot of information, just some small maps and text in a German book ("Türkei", Reiseführer Natur, by Aygün and Max Kasparek), so there we just used 'try and error' in getting the right tracks to marshes and lakes. The other visited sites are covered well in various reports.

We covered 2,500 km in just one week, in a Renault 9 Broadway, that took super unleaded (about 1.5 DFL/ 0.80 US$ a liter) and had a great trip.

Abbreviations used
N = North(ern)
S = South(ern)
W = West(ern)
E = East(ern)

imm = immature
ad = adult
summ = summer-plumaged
win = winter-plumaged

Any inquiries about this report?

Please write to:

Remco Hofland
Koningstraat 23A
2316 CC Leiden
The Netherlands

Itinerary:

Tue 9th Febr: AirAlpha flight from Amsterdam Airport Schiphol left at 11 p.m, made a stop-over in Istanbul, arriving at Ankara Eºenboga Airport on

Wed 10th Febr: about 4.30 a.m. Got into town to collect our rented car. Drove S, and at dawn, we found ourselves at a lake that, according to the map, was called Mugari Gölü. It was frozen for at least half of it, but the other half held many birds. Here we stayed about an hour, after that driving on to Kulu Gölü. Weather was sunny, albeit cold, and after Kulu there was a lot of snow in the fields. The roads however were cleared, so we used the road through Çiftlik and Ihlara to get to Aksaray, and on to Demirkazik, where we birded in the orchards and the gorge near the mountaineering lodge. Dusk around 5.30 p.m, dinner in Çamardi, slept at the mountaineering lodge.

Thu 11th Febr: Got up at 5.30 and walked to the gorge. Dawn at 6.30. Unfortunately, no Snowcocks were calling; we heard some Chukars and Little Owls though. Around 11.00 drove on to Çukurbag and then towards Adana via Pozanti. Sunny with clear sky but a cold wind. All mountaintops covered in snow and a lot of snow also along the roads. Got some money in Tarsus and then drove into the delta, where it was sunny and about 16º C. Our main aim was the Great Black-headed Gull: we were expecting to find it on the beaches in the Çukurova delta. However, due to the large quantities of melted water, there was a marsh in the eucalyptus plantation near Kulakköy and, worse, the road needed to reach the beach was completely flooded. So, this part of the delta didn't produce much. Stayed in Adana in Ak Hotel and had dinner at a restaurant nearby.

Fri 12th Febr: At night about 9 C. Got up at 4.30, and drove to Karataº and then over an unsurfaced road towards the mouth of Akyatan Gölü. In the (marshy) dunes just SE of the lake we found some pipits and wagtails, but unfortunately a calling male Black Francolin could not be located (because of barking dogs nearby). On the beach there were some waders and just W of the mouth of the lake a lot of gulls, including 1 Great Black-headed Gull (in full summer plumage). Because the views of the wildfowl on the lake were poor, we decided to try another road in order to get closer. Back at Karataº we first tried the harbour (nice, with Mediterranean Gull, and lots of Chiffchaffs and some Sylvia warblers in the small trees) but we were summoned to leave by the police. After checking in at Derya Pansion we tried another unsurfaced road a bit further N, and it led us to a creek between the road and the lake, and to the E shores of the lake itself. Good and especially prolonged views of Moustached Warbler proved difficult, but the huge numbers of wildfowl were great. Sunny and 20º C. Via Karataþ and Gökçeli we then drove to Tuzla, where we found a lot of Great White Egrets and some gulls, along with the famous Turkish singer Tarkan, who was recording a video at Tuzla Gölü. NE of Tuzla, we followed an unsurfaced road to the SE, towards the W part of Akyatan Gölü. In the village of Innepühüyügü, we finally found some Spanish Sparrows, a species that is harder to find in winter than it is in summer. Also, from this village, great views could be obtained at dusk, of large numbers of birds congregating in the W part of the lake to spend the night there. Lots of Flamingoes, gulls, cormorants, geese, ducks, coots, some cranes and the occasional bird of prey were seen there. Spent the night at Derya Pansion in Karataº.

Sat 13th Febr: Left Karataº at 6.20, in order to find the marshes near Bebeli, described to us by a local Turk. An unsurfaced and unsignposted road took us to enormous marshes some 15 km E of Karataº (probably the marshes around the Akyayan Gölü), but unfortunately we had the light against us. We tried a road towards the E from Bebeli and found a small reed-fringed canal with a magnificent Smyrna Kingfisher and some Kingfishers, along with Cetti's Warbler. In the next village locals told us that the road was going nowhere, so we returned to Bebeli and crossed the river Ceyhan, and kept on going (N)E. The road took us to a village (which I presume was Kaldirim) and there were some other marshes, still against the light but nearby, and filled with birds. Here, we also saw lots of waders, but most of them were too far out to identify. On we went to cross the mountains of the E Çukurova delta, in bright sunshine with great views. From Yumurtalik we drove to Ceyhan, to take the brand-new 6-lane highway to the E. Unfortunately, it only took us to Bahçe, where we had to take the old, busy-with-oil-trucks road over the mountains, before we could take the rest of the highway around Gaziantep to Nizip. This highway surely makes it easier going to Bireçik: instead of a day it now took us 3 hours from Ceyhan to Bireçik, where we arrived at 2 p.m.. There we found that all the specialties are gone in winter, even the sandgrouse and Pied Kingfisher. With dark clouds coming in, we spent our time in the deep wadi between Bireçik and Halfeti, and after dinner went to the famous tea garden where in summer we had seen Striated & Scops Owl. Upon entering the garden, we heard Long-eared Owls calling and the locals showed us these upon asking for 'Baikus' (owl in Turkish). Slept in Baraj Hotel where they had actual hot water and something that someone might want to call a shower. At night there was enormous rainfall, and in early morning the shingle-bank that the day before held a Common Sandpiper, was completely flooded.

Sun 14th Febr: So, after another effortless try for Pied Kingfisher, and great views of a Wallcreeper and a Sparrowhawk taking a House Sparrow right before our eyes, we went on to Isikli. There, both Eastern and Western Rock Nuthatch were easy, along with Sombre Tits. The rest of the day was spent driving N, through stretched-out fields white with snow. A short-cut from Tufanbeyli to Develi failed because of too much snow, but the bigger roads were always cleared. Mainly clear sky, but cold. At Çöl Gölü, the N part of the Sultan Marshes, we expected a lot of water and birds, but apart from distant views of some ducks and gulls nothing was there, so on we went to Göreme. At the end of the eighties, this was a great place, but tourism surely took its toll here. Spent the night at Cave Pansion ("rock-carved rooms"), with own hot shower and toilet for the fixed Göreme-price of 7 US$; dinner at S.O.S. Restaurant (great pide). Cold at night, but no snow.

Mon 15th Febr: Leaving at 6 a.m, the route Nevºehir-Kirºehir-Kaman brought us to the marsh at Kizilirmak river where big numbers of coots and ducks could be found. Finally we found a Ferruginous Duck, one we had expected to find earlier. At 10.15, we arrived at the Mugari Gölü, this time completely ice-free with even more birds than 5 days ago. Here we had some rain and the same number of Red-crested Pochards. We took the highway around Ankara to Kizilcahamam, where we went up into the Soðuksu Milli Parki to try and find Krüper's Nuthatch. The park was full of snow, but there were plenty of birds, most of them being Coal Tits. A great surprise were the 9 Black Vultures that came soaring over the valley near the entrance of the park in late afternoon: not only had I read that the birds should be absent between November and March, it was also a lifer for me and they were showing quite well. We spent the night at the Kaplica Hotel (a room with private bath, shower and toilet including breakfast for 2,000,000 TL (about FL 15/ 7.5 US$).

Tue 16th Febr: 8 cm of snow covered our car and the park early in the morning. A walk uphill finally produced 1 Krüper's Nuthatch. A great time we had between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören where the small oak trees held mixed groups of songbirds (mainly finches, buntings and Mistle Thrushes). Hereafter we drove on to Ankara, to Terminal C at Eºenboga Ankara Airport, where our plane left at 5 p.m.

Birds

Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
10-2 5+ Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
12-2 10s Akyatan Gölü
15-2 10s Mugari Gölü S of Gölbasi

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
12-2 2 Akyatan Gölü
13-2 4, 2 km E of Bebeli; several Kaldirim, Çukurova delta
15-2 100+ Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili; heard Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis
12-2 1 Akyatan Gölü

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo sinensis
10-2 several Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi; 2 Kulu Gölü
12-2 7 E of Tuzla; 150+ W part of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 15 Yumurtalik; 3 flying N over Euphrates river, Bireçik
15-2 19 Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
12-2 1 creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº

Little EgretEgretta garzetta
12-2 3 Akyatan Gölü
2 near Tuzla
33 W part of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 1 on the rocks at Yumurtalik

Great White EgretCasmerodius albus
12-2 4 creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº
11 SE of Yemiºli
63 E of Tuzla
58 W part of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 2 near Bebeli, E Çukurova delta
2 near Kaldirim, E Çukurova delta
15-2 20 flying W from the marsh at Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili
16-2 1 in the stream at Kizilcahamam slaughterhouse
1 between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Grey HeronArdea cinerea
12-2 8 near the mouth of Akyatan Gölü; 7 creek E of Akyatan Gölü; 15 E of Tuzla
13-2 4 near Kaldirim
15-2 1 Gülºehir; 2 Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili
16-2 9 at Kizilcahamam slaughterhouse; 1 between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalera leucorodia
12-2 12 W part of Akyatan Gölü

Bald IbisGeronticus eremita
13-2 19 in the cages at the 'Kelaynak' breeding centre in Bireçik
(According to the warden, 50 birds are now kept in cages in winter: in spring they are released)

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber
10-2 250+ at the Tuz Gölü, just S of ªereflikoçhisar
12-2 20,000+ at W part of Akyatan Gölü, also visible from a distance at the E part of the lake
13-2 65+ near Kaldirim, E Çukurova delta

White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
10-2 170+ Kulu Gölü
1,000+ NE Tuz Gölü
500+ just S of ªereflikoçhisar
12-2 250+ W part of Akyatan Gölü

Greylag GooseAnser anser rubrirostris
12-2 1 seen, several heard, W part of Akyatan Gölü

Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
10-2 40+ Kulu Gölü
12-2 10+ Akyatan Gölü

Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
10-2 1 Kulu Gölü
17 SE Tuz Gölü
14-2 45+ flying in the distance at Çöl Gölü, N part of Sultan Marshes
15-2 pair at Kizilcahamam slaughterhouse
16-2 2 pairs at Kizilcahamam slaughterhouse; 3 pairs between Kizilcahamam and Çeltikçi

Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
10-2 male Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
12-2 100s Akyatan Gölü
13-2 10s Kaldirim
14-2 3 Çöl Gölü, N part of Sultan Marshes
15-2 100+ Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili
100s S part Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

MallardAnas platyrhynchos
10-2 pair Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
12-2 10s Akyatan Gölü
13-2 10s near Kaldirim
14-2 2 flying N over Euphrates river, Bireçik
15-2 pair Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili
300+ N part of Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
Pair at Kizilcahamam slaughterhouse
16-2 5 pairs between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

GadwallAnas strepera
10-2 3 pairs Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
12-2 20+ Akyatan Gölü
13-2 17 flying over stream E of Bebeli, E Çukurova delta
15-2 10+ Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili
38+ Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Northern PintailAnas acuta
10-2 male Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
12-2 45+ Akyatan Gölü
14-2 100+ Çöl Gölü
15-2 2 males Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
10-2 7 males Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
12-2 10s Akyatan Gölü
13-2 100s near Kaldirim, E Çukurova delta
15-2 400+ Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Common TealAnas crecca
10-2 500+ Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
12-2 100s Akyatan Gölü
13-2 4 flying over stream E of Bebeli
10,000s near Kaldirim, E Çukurova delta
14-2 10s flying N over Euphrates river, Bireçik (some had spent the night in the reedbeds)
15-2 20 Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili
1,000s Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephala
10-2 396+ W side Kulu Gölü

Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
10-2 500+ Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
12-2 male Akyatan Gölü
15-2 2 males Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili
500+ Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Ferruginous DuckAythya nyroca
15-2 male Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili

Common PochardAythya ferina
10-2 100s Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
12-2 6+ Akyatan Gölü
15-2 200+ Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili
5,000+ Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
10-2 10s Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
15-2 80+ Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili
2 males, 1 female Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

SmewMergus albellus
15-2 female Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Black KiteMilvus migrans
14-2 1 flying E between Nizip and Gaziantep
1 flying N just E of Gaziantep

LammergeierGypaetus barbatus
16-2 imm patrolling the slopes between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören, around 11 a.m.

Black VultureAegypius monachus
15-2 9 crossing the valley near the Soguksu Milli Parki entrance, around 4.30 p.m.
16-2 2 flying W over the slopes between Karacaören and Çeltikçi, accompanied by 2 Golden Eagles and a Long-legged Buzzard

Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
10-2 female Kulu Gölü
female Tuz Gölü
female near Demirkazik
11-2 female near Demirkazik
12-2 male W part of Akyatan Gölü, near Innepühüyügü
15-2 male, 2+ females Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili
16-2 female between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
10-2 female Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
12-2 20+ Akyatan Gölü
13-2 3 near Bebeli
5+ Kaldirim, E Çukurova delta
15-2 male, 2 females Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili
5 Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
14-2 male catching a male House Sparrow, Bireçik
male migrating N along Euphrates river, Bireçik
15-2 1 Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili (hunting Goldfinches)
female with prey Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
16-2 female along the highway near Ankara

Common BuzzardButeo buteo
10-2 5 between Ankara and Kulu
11-2 6 S of Tarsus, W Çukurova delta
12-2 1 Akyatan Gölü; 3 between Karataº and Tuzla
13-2 2 near Bebeli; 1 Kaldirim; 2 between Ceyhan and Bireçik
15-2 1 near Kazan

Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
10-2 13 between Ankara and Demirkazik
11-2 3 between Demirkazik and Pozanti
12-2 1 creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº; 1 Yemiºli; 1 Tuzla
13-2 2 Kaldirim; 2 between Ceyhan and Bireçik
14-2 1 Bireçik; 6 between Bireçik and Göreme
15-2 13 between Göreme and Kizilcahamam
16-2 4 between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören; 1 highway to Ankara

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
10-2 imm gorge just N of mountaineering lodge, Demirkazik
11-2 2 ad perched on the rocks, same gorge, Demirkazik
16-2 2 ad soaring together with 2 Black Vultures and mobbed by a Long-legged Buzzard, between Karacaören and Çeltikçi

Greater Spotted Eagle – Aquila clanga
13-2 1 eagle perched on an island in the marshes near Kaldirim was probably this species: wrong light and distance prevented us from identifiing it with certainty.

Aquila sp
11-2 1 flying N between Demirkazik and Pozanti was seen too short for identification.

Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus
10-2 7 between Ankara and Demirkazik
11-2 3 Demirkazik; 5 between Demirkazik and Pozanti
12-2 1 Akyatan Gölü; 4 Tuzla
13-2 7 between Karataº and Bireçik
14-2 1 Isikli
15-2 6 between Göreme and Kizilcahamam
16-2 1 between Kizilcahamam and Ankara

37. MerlinFalco columbarius
10-2 1 hunting sparrows, N end Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Saker FalconFalco cherrug
13-2 2 hunting, S of the highway, just N of Gaziantep

Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
12-2 1 calling male, heard in the dunes at the SE end of Akyatan Gölü

ChukarAlectoris chukar
10-2 heard Demirkazik
11-2 15+ heard Demirkazik in early morning
13-2 heard in the mountains of E Çukurova delta

Water RailRallus aquaticus
12-2 1 creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº

MoorhenGallinula chloropus
10-2 2 Kulu Gölü
12-2 heard, creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº
15-2 2 Euphrates river, Bireçik

Common CootFulica atra
10-2 1,000s Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi; several Kulu Gölü
12-2 1,000s Akyatan Gölü
13-2 25+ Bireçik
14-2 35+ Bireçik
15-2 2,000+ Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili; about 15,000 Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Grey-headed Swamp-HenPorphyrio poliocephalus
12-2 1 heard at the creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº

Common CraneGrus grus
12-2 4 flying over the W part of Akyatan Gölü; 3 perched in the water there at dusk

AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta
12-2 2 Akyatan Gölü
10s W part of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 1,600+ Kaldirim

Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
12-2 41 on the beach near the mouth of Akyatan Gölü
130+ on the beach S of Tuzla

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
12-2 2 on the beach near the mouth of Akyatan Gölü
2 on the fields creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº

Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
10-2 8 E Tuz Gölü
12-2 8+ Akyatan Gölü; 10s on the fields near creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº
13-2 30+ E of Bebeli; 100s Kaldirim; 92 flying N over Euphrates river, Bireçik

DunlinCalidris alpina
13-2 huge numbers of stints near Kaldirim possibly belonged to this species

Little StintCalidris minuta
13-2 500+ stints flying around near Kaldirim probably belonged to this species

Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
12-2 100+ in the fields near creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karatas
13-2 100s near Kaldirim, E Çukurova delta

Common RedshankTringa totanus
12-2 5 near the mouth of Akyatan Gölü; 10+ creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karatas
13-2 100s Kaldirim

Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
12-2 10+ E Tuzla Gölü, E Çukurova delta

Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
12-2 3 Akyatan Gölü

Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
13-2 1 Bireçik
14-2 1 Bireçik
16-2 1 between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
11-2 2, 5 km S of Pozanti
12-2 1 creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº
13-2 heard Kaldirim, E Çukurova delta
16-2 1 near Kizilcahamam slaughterhouse

Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
12-2 40+ Akyatan Gölü
13-2 several Kaldirim
15-2 1 Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili

Mediterranean GullLarus melanocephalus
12-2 2 second-winters in the harbour of Karataº

Slender-billed GullLarus genei
12-2 3 near the mouth of Akyatan Gölü
3 in the harbour of Karataº
56 Tuzla Gölü
13-2 1 second-winter Yumurtalik

Little GullLarus minutus
13-2 220+ Kaldirim
15-2 1 first-winter Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus
10-2 1,000s sleeping on the ice of Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi; 10s Tuz Gölü
12-2 20+ mouth of Akyatan Gölü; 20+ creek E of Akyatan Gölü; 40+ E of Tuzla
13-2 10s near Bebeli; several Yumurtalik; 10s Bireçik
14-2 10s Bireçik; 10s Çöl Gölü
15-2 10s Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Common GullLarus canus
10-2 1 Kulu Gölü; 4 just S of ªereflikoçhisar
13-2 12 near Kaldirim, E Çukurova delta
15-2 1 Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

Great Black-headed GullLarus ichthyaetus
12-2 ad summ on the beach W of the mouth of Akyatan Gölü
2 ad summ Akyatan Gölü
3 ad (2 summ) and 2 second-winters in the fields E of Tuzla
ad summ and 3 first-winters flying towards W part of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 ad summ at sea near Yumurtalik

Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
10-2 3 Kulu Gölü
12-2 several at the mouth of Akyatan Gölü; several E of Tuzla

Armenian GullLarus armenicus
12-2 ad, mouth of Akyatan Gölü; several E of Tuzla
13-2 100+ Bahçe
14-2 1 flying N over Euphrates river and 1 first-winter, Bireçik
15-2 2 ad Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili

Caspian/Armenian Gull Larus cachinnans/armenicus
10-2 12 Tuz Gölü
14-2 40+ Çöl Gölü

Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensis
12-2 2 at sea, mouth of Akyatan Gölü; 1 at sea, Tuzla
13-2 1 at sea, Yumurtalik

Common TernSterna hirundo
12-2 6 mouth of Akyatan Gölü

Caspian TernSterna caspia
12-2 2 Akyatan Gölü

Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridus
12-2 2 (win) Akyatan Gölü

Wood PigeonColumba palumbus
15-2 230+ flying over Soðuksu Milli Parki, at dusk
16-2 13 over Soðuksu Milli Parki; 10+ between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Stock DoveColumba oenas
11-2 10s Tarsus
13-2 1 Yumurtalik
15-2 10+ Kaman

Rock DoveColumba livia
10-2 35+ Uluirmak
11-2 2 in the gorge just N of Demirkazik mountaineering lodge

Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Commonly recorded, especially in cities; encountered for example in Ankara, Tarsus, Yumurtalik, Bireçik, Gaziantep and so on.

Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
13-2 7 Bireçik
14-2 1 Bireçik; 3 Gaziantep

Long-eared OwlAsio otus
13-2 2 calling (probably a pair) in the famous Bireçik tea garden, at night

Little OwlAthene noctua
10-2 1 Kulu Gölü (a pale individual)
11-2 4 (3 heard only) Demirkazik

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
10-2 1 Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
12-2 2 Akyatan Gölü
13-2 4 at the small stream just E of Bebeli
1 on a rock in the Mediterranean, Yumurtalik, E Çukurova delta
15-2 male Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi

White-breasted KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
13-2 1 (also heard) at the small stream just E of Bebeli, E Çukurova delta

Black WoodpeckerDryocopos martius
16-2 1 heard ('rain call') Soðuksu Milli Parki, near the water-bottling factory

Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus
10-2 2 Demirkazik
11-2 1 Çukurbað
14-2 1 Isikli
15-2 2 N of Kirºehir

Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrodopos major
15-2 10+ Soðuksu Milli Parki
16-2 many heard, about 5 seen Soðuksu Milli Parki

Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
15-2 female in the small oak trees E of Çeltikçi

SkylarkAlauda arvensis
10-2 several between Ankara and Kulu
11-2 30+ S of Tarsus, W Çukurova delta
12-2 30+ creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº
13-2 several near Kaldirim

Crested LarkGalerida cristata
As always, this species is very common in Turkey. Many hundreds can be seen in a day, when they run away from under your car. This is the first time, though, that we've seen them in the snow.

Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
10-2 100s in the fields between Kulu and Kulu Gölü (accompanied by some Calandra Larks)

Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
10-2 10s in the fields between Kulu and Kulu Gölü
12-2 3+ creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº
13-2 3 E of Bebeli; several near Kaldirim
15-2 10s between Cappadokia and Ankara; 7 Kizilirmak river, near Karakeili; 5 Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
16-2 several on Eºenboga Ankara Airport

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris penicillata
10-2 50+ (together with Linnets) at the gorge just N of Demirkazik mountaineering lodge
11-2 8+ at the gorge; 100+ (unmixed) at Çukurbað

Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
12-2 4 in the fields near Akyatan Gölü
13-2 3 near Bebeli, E Çukurova delta
14-2 1 flying N over Euphrates river, Bireçik

Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
11-2 many S of Tarsus, W Çukurova delta
12-2 10+ mouth of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 several Kaldirim

Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
13-2 6 flying overhead and landing in the marsh near Kaldirim, E Çukurova delta

White WagtailMotacilla alba
11-2 1 Tarsus; 100+ in the marshes just S of Kulakköy, W Çukurova delta
12-2 100+ at the mouth of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 several near Kaldirim; 30+ Bireçik
14-2 several Bireçik

Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
10-2 1 Uluirmak (near Ihlara)
13-2 1 Yumurtalik; 1 singing in the deep wadi between Bireçik and Halfeti
14-2 1 Bireçik; 1 Göksun

WrenTroglodytes troglodytes
13-2 1 in the deep wadi between Bireçik and Halfeti
14-2 2 Isikli
16-2 2 singing Soðuksu Milli Parki, Kizilcahamam

Hedge AccentorPrunella modularis
10-2 1 Çukurbað
14-2 2 Isikli; 1 Durnalik
16-2 2 next to Kaplica Hotel, Kizilcahamam

RobinErithacus rubecula
11-2 1 between Demirkazik and Pozanti
12-2 3+ near the mouth of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 several near Derya Pansion, Karatas; 1 Yumurtalik
14-2 common Isikli

Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
12-2 1 mouth of Akyatan Gölü; 1 harbour Karataº; 1 Derya Pansion, Karataº
13-2 2 just E of Bebeli, E Çukurova delta; 1 Yumurtalik
14-2 1 Isikli

Common StonechatSaxicola torquata
11-2 2 males, 1 female marsh just S of Kulakköy, W Çukurova delta
(1 male showed signs of ssp variegata, i.e. white rump, white at base of tailsides, less orange on the breast and more white in the neck)
12-2 5+ mouth of Akyatan Gölü; several throughout the area near E Akyatan Gölü
13-2 several near Kaldirim

Blue Rock ThrushMonticola solitarius
11-2 1 male at the gorge just N of the Demirkazik mountaineering lodge

Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
11-2 2+ between Demirkazik and Pozanti
14-2 male Isikli
15-2 male Çeltikçi
16-2 1+ between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

BlackbirdTurdus merula
10-2 1 Uluirmak
11-2 1 Demirkazik
12-2 2 Innepühüyügü, SW of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 1 Derya Pansion; 1 near Kaldirim; several in the E Çukurova delta mountains
14-2 10+ Isikli; 1 Pinarlar
15-2 2 Çeltikçi; several Soðuksu Milli Parki, Kizilcahamam
16-2 10s singing early in the morning, Soðuksu Milli Parki

Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
12-2 1 heard, creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº; 2 Innepühüyügü, SW of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 1 Derya Pansion; heard near Kaldirim; heard in the E Çukurova delta mountains
14-2 heard at Bireçik; 3+ Isikli
16-2 2 heard Soðuksu Milli Parki, Kizilcahamam

Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
10-2 1 Demirkazik
11-2 10s between Demirkazik and Pozanti
15-2 common on the slopes between Çeltikçi and Kizilcahamam; several in Soðuksu Milli Parki
16-2 several in Soðuksu Milli Parki; common, slopes between Kizilcahamam and Çeltikçi

Graceful WarblerPrinia gracilis
11-2 heard frequently, seen a few S of Tarsus, W Çukurova delta
12-2 common around Akyatan Gölü
13-2 several near Bebeli and Kaldirim E Çukurova delta
14-2 heard along Euphrates river, Bireçik

Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti
12-2 1 singing (and showing well) mouth of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 1 singing (and showing well) just E of Bebeli, E Çukurova delta
14-2 2 heard singing Bireçik

Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
12-2 3 heard, 2 seen creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº

Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
12-2 1 harbour Karataº

Common WhitethroatSylvia communis
12-2 1 harbour Karataº

Sylvia sp
14-2 1 Isikli

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
11-2 female, eucalyptusplantation near Çatalkeli, S of Tarsus

Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
12-2 several heard harbour Karataº
13-2 1 heard Derya Pansion; several heard mountains in E Çukurova delta
14-2 several heard Isikli

Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
11-2 very common S of Tarsus, especially in the orange plantations
12-2 singing mouth of Akyatan Gölü; common harbour Karatas
13-2 several Derya Pansion; singing near 'Kelaynak' breeding station, Bireçik
(All birds had a single-syllable call, reminiscent of Siberian Chiffchaff; most birds seen were brownish above, some greenish; song heard was just like our European birds)

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
16-2 1 Soðuksu Milli Parki, Kizilcahamam

Penduline TitRemiz pendulinus
12-2 5 creek E of Akyatan Gölü, W of Karataº
13-2 heard just E of Bebeli, E Çukurova delta

Sombre TitParus lugubris anatoliae
14-2 fairly common at Isikli and Durnalik

Blue TitParus caeruleus
10-2 heard Elmali
14-2 1 Isikli; 3, 50 km S of Göksun
15-2 1 Soðuksu Milli Parki entrance
16-2 2 Soðuksu Milli Parki; 3 between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Great TitParus major
10-2 1 Uluirmak
11-2 4 Demirkazik
12-2 1 Derya Pansion
14-2 3 Isikli; 25+, 50 km S of Göksun
15-2 several Soðuksu Milli Parki
16-2 several Soðuksu Milli Parki and between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Coal TitParus ater
15-2 common Soðuksu Milli Parki
16-2 common Soðuksu Milli Parki

European NuthatchSitta europaea levantina
15-2 4 Soðuksu Milli Parki; 2 Davutlar
16-2 common Soðuksu Milli Parki (at least 20 seen)

Krüper's NuthatchSitta krueperi
16-2 1 Soðuksu Milli Parki (between water-bottling factory and largest hotel)

Western Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer
10-2 2 Uluirmak
11-2 10+ Demirkazik; several Çukurbað
14-2 2 Isikli; 1 Durnalik
15-2 1 Davutlar

Eastern Rock NuthatchSitta tephronota
14-2 10+ Isikli

Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla
16-2 3+ singing Soðuksu Milli Parki; 1 heard between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria
14-2 1 (win) showing well at the cliffs just N of the power-lines, just N of Bireçik

White-spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygos
12-2 2 harbour Karataº
13-2 2+ Derya Pansion; several heard in the E Çukurova delta mountains; 5 Yumurtalik

Common StarlingSturnus vulgaris
When encountered in the cities, usually in 100s. Not recorded on 11th and 14th.

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius (probably ssp. anatoliae)
Birds encountered were very pale in the face, with a restricted all-black crown and all-black malar stripe; mantle colour being vinous, not too dark.
15-2 2 Çeltikçi
16-2 several Soðuksu Milli Parki; 4 between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Common MagpiePica pica
Fairly common inland, usually in pairs or small groups. Absent from the very snowy areas, such as near Göksun, and in the S (Çukurova delta), and E (Bireçik).

Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
10-2 1 Demirkazik

Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
10-2 1000+ flying into the gorge N of the Demirkazik mountaineering lodge, about 4.45 p.m.
11-2 600+ flying from the gorge in early morning; 30+ 5 km N of Pozanti

Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
10-2 6 Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi; common near Kulu
13-2 common at dusk in Bireçik
14-2 common Bireçik; several near Yeºilkent
16-2 several near Kizilcahamam

Corvus monedula soemeringii
10-2 1 in Kulu (between N and E Jackdaws)

Common RavenCorvus corax
16-2 2 or 4 between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
11-2 7 Demirkazik
13-2 50+ Bahçe
14-2 common Bireçik
15-2 fairly common between Göreme and Kizilcahamam
16-2 800+ descending from the trees above the Kizilcahamam slaughterhouse

Rook Corvus frugilegus
10-2 several S of Ankara; 1,000s between Ankara and Demirkazik
13-2 30+ Gaziantep
14-2 very common at dusk in Bireçik
15-2 1,000s en route between Bireçik and Isikli

Tree SparrowPasser montanus
10-2 100s in the reedbeds at N Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi, at dawn
12-2 fairly common near mouth of Akyatan Gölü
16-2 1 between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Recorded in small numbers in most cities and towns (except for the very snowy parts).

Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
12-2 male, 2 females Innepühüyügü, SW of Akyatan Gölü
13-2 7 males, 4 females just N of Karataº

Rock SparrowPetronia petronia
10-2 1 Demirkazik
11-2 10+ Demirkazik; 10+ Çukurbað
13-2 10s on the power-lines over the deep wadi between Bireçik and Halfeti, at dusk
14-2 several at the cliffs N of Bireçik
15-2 1 Çeltikçi

Snow FinchMontifringilla nivalis alpicola
11-2 50+ at the gorge just N of Demirkazik mountaineering lodge

ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
Recorded every day, usually in small groups. Seen together with Brambling, Greenfinch, Goldfinch, Linnet, Corn Bunting, Yellowhammer, Cirl Bunting and Rock Bunting. Heard singing in Soðuksu Milli Parki.

BramblingFringilla montifringilla
10-2 20+ (together with Chaffinch, Yellowhammer and Linnets) in the orchards near Demirkazik
11-2 15+ Demirkazik
14-2 10s Pinarlar (along "815")
16-2 3+ between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
11-2 1 between Demirkazik and Pozanti
15-2 1 Çeltikçi

European SerinSerinus serinus
10-2 10s coming out of the reedbeds of N Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi, at dawn
11-2 fairly common S of Tarsus, W Çukurova delta
13-2 16 orchards N of Bireçik

SiskinCarduelis spinus
15-2 1 calling male Mugari Gölü, S of Gölbasi
16-2 1 heard over Soðuksu Milli Parki

GreenfinchCarduelis chloris (chlorotica)
Recorded on all days, except for 15th, in small numbers (1-10). Some birds that were greener probably belonged to ssp chlorotica, these were recorded at Demirkazik and Isikli.

GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Recorded on all days, except for 14th, in fairly large numbers (10-100). Larger numbers included groups of over 200 at Kizilirmak river, near Karakeçili (flushed by a Sparrowhawk) and near Ankara.

LinnetCarduelis cannabina (bella)
Recorded on all days, except for 13th and 15th, in fairly large numbers (10-100). Some birds clearly belonged to ssp bella.

Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguinea

11-2 male near Çukurbað

Common CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
15-2 10+ flying over Mugari Gölü; heard Davutlar; 10+ over Soðuksu Milli Parki
16-2 30+ seen and heard Soðuksu Milli Parki; heard between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Corn BuntingMiliaria calandra
Several recorded each day, except for 11th. Most were singing, also many seen on powerlines along the road. Sometimes in mixed flocks, i.e. with Rock & Cirl Bunting and Yellowhammer.

Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
10-2 40+ orchards near Demirkazik
11-2 30+ near Demirkazik
14-2 4 Isikli
15-2 2 Çeltikçi
16-2 female between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
16-2 at least 4 (of which 3 singing) males and 9 females, between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
10-2 3 orchards near small stream, Demirkazik
11-2 3 at same spot, Demirkazik
14-2 10+ Isikli; several Durnalik
16-2 male, 2 females between Kizilcahamam and Karacaören

Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
11-2 2 marsh just S of Kulakköy, W Çukurova delta
12-2 3+ Akyatan Gölü
13-2 1 just E of Bebeli, E Çukurova delta

Butterflies

Small White spPieris spec
Several seen in the Çukurova delta.

Clouded YellowColias crocea
13-2 1 Yumurtalik, Çukurova delta

Red AdmiralVanessa atalanta
11-2 1 between Pozanti and Tarsus
12-2 1 Karatas

Painted LadyCynthia cardui
14-2 1, 50 km S of Göksun

Dragonflies

1 male Darter spec (Sympetrum sp) was seen in the small marsh S of Kulakköy, S of Tarsus, W Çukurova delta. Possibly, this was a Southern Darter / Zuidelijke Heidelibel / Sympetrum meridionale.

Mammals

(Red) FoxVulpes vulpes
10-2 1 Demirkazik

Common JackalCanis aureus
12-2 1 (crossing the road in the headlights) near Solakli, E Çukurova delta

PorcupineHystrix cristata
11-2 1 dead between Tarsus and Adana

Brown HareLepus europaeus
11-2 1 Demirkazik

IbexCapra ibex sp
11-2 1 male, 7 females on the ridges of the gorge N of the mountaineering lodge, Demirkazik

Squirrel spec – Sciurus anomalus
15-2 2 on piles of wood near the houses of Davutlar, just S of Soguksu Milli Parki

Bat sp
11-2 lots of small bats were seen flying around above Adana at dusk
13-2 some bigger bats were seen and heard flying around in the Bireçik tea garden at night

Remco Hofland

For further information please email me at:- remcohofland@hetnet.nl