Sandgrouse is published by OSME and contains papers and short notes on the ornithology of the OSME region, provides bird and conservation news from the region, and a comprehensive round-up of bird sightings in the Middle East, the Caucasus, and Central Asia.

Sandgrouse volume 46 (1) Spring 2024

Cover photo: Caucasian Snowcock Tetraogallus caucasicus, Georgia. This issue of Sandgrouse features a new checklist of the birds of Georgia. © Nika Melikishvili.

2The birds of Georgia: an updated checklist using citizen science platforms.
 Nika Budagashvili & Zurab Javakhishvili
30First assessment of coprophagic feeding behaviour in captive Egyptian Vultures Neophron percnopterus and Hooded Vultures Necrosyrtes monachus: implications for wild vulture health in agricultural landscapes.
 Katherine Whitehouse-Tedd, Jonah Thomas, Millie Duckenfield, Ngaio L Richards, Sarah Upton, Gerard Whitehouse-Tedd, Louis Phipps, Holly Cale & Sarah Hall
53First proven record of ‘Siberian’ Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita tritis in Saudi Arabia assessed from mtDNA.
 Jem Babbington, Phil Roberts, Tereza Senfeld & J Martin Collinson
62Preservation of major migratory populations of Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii requires undergrounding of Uzbekistan’s Kungrad powerline.
 Nigel J Collar & Mimi Kessler
70The Great Bustard Otis tarda population of the Acıgöl Basin and its northern surroundings, Türkiye.
 Şafak Arslan & Li˙der Si˙nav
79The occurrence of ‘Asian’ Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica daurica/japonica and ‘Tytler’s’ Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica tytleri in the United Arab Emirates.
 Oscar Campbell, Simon Lloyd & Theodore Burkett
89Validity of the fifth primary pattern as a distinguishing feature in Eurasian Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus subspecies, with particular emphasis on Steppe Whimbrel N. p. alboaxillaris.
 Justin Janse
92Birds of Kazakhstan – an update.
 Arend Wassink
97First breeding record of Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla in Lebanon.
 Samer Azar, Darron Boyd & Larry LichtenwNWalter
99First records of European Shag Gulosus aristotelis and other recent bird observations in Lebanon, 2023-2024.
 Michel Sawan & Charbel Namnoum
103First documented record of Eurasian Magpie Pica pica in Egypt.
 Watter Albahry
105From the Rarities Committees.
 Ian Harrison (Compiler)
113OSME Regional Round-up.
 Simon Tull (Compiler)
128Around the Region.
 Ian Harrison, Jane Stylianou & Simon Tull (Compilers)

EditorDr Paul Donald Sandgrouse editor.
AbdulRahman Al-Sirhan (Kuwait), Dr Raffael Ayé (Switzerland), Jem Babbington (Saudi Arabia, photo consultant) Arnoud van den Berg (Netherlands), Michael Blair (UK), Chris Bradshaw (UK), Dr Gary Brown (Germany), Oscar Campbell (UAE), Peter Castell (UK), Pia Fetting (Germany), Peter Flint (UK), Dr Robert Flood (UK), Paul Goriup (UK), Jens Hering (Germany), Mike Jennings (UK), Dr Abolghasem Khaleghizadeh (Iran), Dr Fares Khoury (Jordan), Dr Alan Knox (UK), Andrew Lassey (UK), Dr Mike McGrady (Austria), Dr Stephen Newton (Ireland), Yoav Perlman (Israel), Aasheesh Pittie (India), Richard Porter (UK), Hana Ahmed Raza (Iraq), Colin Richardson (Cyprus), Anna Sandor (Hungary), Dr Manuel Schweizer (Switzerland), Dr Derek Scott (UK), Dr Robert Sheldon (UK), Dr Ruth Tingay (UK), Arend Wassink (Netherlands), Geoff Welch (France)